Clustering of GPI-Anchored Folate Receptor Independent of Both Cross-Linking and Association with Caveolin

Clustering of GPI-Anchored Folate Receptor Independent of Both Cross-Linking and Association with... The distribution of the glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored folate receptor (FR) in a diffuse pattern vs. functional clusters associated with caveolae has been debated. The equivocal nature of direct localization studies is due to possible experimental artifacts such as cross-linking of the protein by the antibody probes prior to fixation and alternatively the use of a disruptive fixation method. Such studies have also been complicated by the use of cells that vastly overexpress FR. In this study a monovalent probe, i.e., a biotinylated folate affinity analogue was used to covalently label FR. Cells expressing moderate levels of FR, i.e., JAR epithelial cells expressing FR-α and recombinant CHO fibroblasts expressing FR-β, were used. The affinity label and either caveolin or antigenic sites on FR were localized by electron microscopy using colloidal gold conjugated antibody probes post-embedding in the relatively permeable LR White resin. The method avoided both receptor cross-linking and early fixation steps and also enabled the use of transport permissive conditions while labeling FR at the cell surface. The results indicate that in steady-state FR is not significantly colocalized with caveolin. However, the receptor molecules occur predominantly in clusters, independent of cross-linking, providing a physical basis for the observed kinetics of receptor internalization and recycling during folate transport. Evidence is also presented to suggest that early mild fixation will disrupt the clustering of FR. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Clustering of GPI-Anchored Folate Receptor Independent of Both Cross-Linking and Association with Caveolin

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/clustering-of-gpi-anchored-folate-receptor-independent-of-both-cross-vmknYKqDKn
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1997 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900277
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The distribution of the glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored folate receptor (FR) in a diffuse pattern vs. functional clusters associated with caveolae has been debated. The equivocal nature of direct localization studies is due to possible experimental artifacts such as cross-linking of the protein by the antibody probes prior to fixation and alternatively the use of a disruptive fixation method. Such studies have also been complicated by the use of cells that vastly overexpress FR. In this study a monovalent probe, i.e., a biotinylated folate affinity analogue was used to covalently label FR. Cells expressing moderate levels of FR, i.e., JAR epithelial cells expressing FR-α and recombinant CHO fibroblasts expressing FR-β, were used. The affinity label and either caveolin or antigenic sites on FR were localized by electron microscopy using colloidal gold conjugated antibody probes post-embedding in the relatively permeable LR White resin. The method avoided both receptor cross-linking and early fixation steps and also enabled the use of transport permissive conditions while labeling FR at the cell surface. The results indicate that in steady-state FR is not significantly colocalized with caveolin. However, the receptor molecules occur predominantly in clusters, independent of cross-linking, providing a physical basis for the observed kinetics of receptor internalization and recycling during folate transport. Evidence is also presented to suggest that early mild fixation will disrupt the clustering of FR.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 15, 1997

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off