Accurate clustering of time series is a challenging problem for data arising from areas such as financial markets, biomedical studies, and environmental sciences, especially when some, or all, of the series exhibit nonlinearity and nonstationarity. When a subset of the series exhibits nonlinear characteristics, frequency domain clustering methods based on higher-order spectral properties, such as the bispectra or trispectra are useful. While these methods address nonlinearity, they rely on the assumption of series stationarity. We propose the Bispectral Smooth Localized Complex EXponential (BSLEX) approach for clustering nonlinear and nonstationary time series. BSLEX is an extension of the SLEX approach for linear, nonstationary series, and overcomes the challenges of both nonlinearity and nonstationarity through smooth partitions of the nonstationary time series into stationary subsets in a dyadic fashion. The performance of the BSLEX approach is illustrated via simulation where several nonstationary or nonlinear time series are clustered, as well as via accurate clustering of the records of 16 seismic events, eight of which are earthquakes and eight are explosions. We illustrate the utility of the approach by clustering S&P 100 financial returns.
Methodology and Computing in Applied Probability – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 22, 2016
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