The dynamic growth of biotechnology in Germany in recent years has an obviously spatial pattern. Some regions show a substantial potential for start-ups and young firms of this new industry whereas others lag behind. The paper is discussing this unequal spatial development elaborating perspectives which derive from recent debates about regional innovation systems. The biotech regions Munich and Rhineland, both winner regions of the BioRegio Competition are described and compared with the situation in Hamburg where biotechnology is much less important. We analyze the degree and relevance of locally integrated input-output relations of innovation systems based on typologies of the wide range of firms within the biotechnological value chain and the forms of co-operation. Moreover, a qualitative estimate is given with respect to the significance of untraded relationships and regional knowledge spillovers. Factors favoring local integration are compared with those favoring input-output systems on a transatlantic scale. The paper discusses the question whether the biotech industries in the regions of Munich, Rhineland and Hamburg represent identifiable regional systems of innovation.
Small Business Economics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 3, 2004
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