Cloning and Function of the Rat Colonic Epithelial K+ Channel KVLQT1

Cloning and Function of the Rat Colonic Epithelial K+ Channel KVLQT1 KVLQT1 (KCNQ1) is a voltage-gated K+ channel essential for repolarization of the heart action potential that is defective in cardiac arrhythmia. The channel is inhibited by the chromanol 293B, a compound that blocks cAMP-dependent electrolyte secretion in rat and human colon, therefore suggesting expression of a similar type of K+ channel in the colonic epithelium. We now report cloning and expression of KVLQT1 from rat colon. Overlapping clones identified by cDNA-library screening were combined to a full length cDNA that shares high sequence homology to KVLQT1 cloned from other species. RT-PCR analysis of rat colonic musoca demonstrated expression of KVLQT1 in crypt cells and surface epithelium. Expression of rKVLQT1 in Xenopus oocytes induced a typical delayed activated K+ current, that was further activated by increase of intracellular cAMP but not Ca2+ and that was blocked by the chromanol 293B. The same compound blocked a basolateral cAMP-activated K+ conductance in the colonic mucosal epithelium and inhibited whole cell K+ currents in patch-clamp experiments on isolated colonic crypts. We conclude that KVLQT1 is forming an important component of the basolateral cAMP-activated K+ conductance in the colonic epithelium and plays a crucial role in diseases like secretory diarrhea and cystic fibrosis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Cloning and Function of the Rat Colonic Epithelial K+ Channel KVLQT1

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 2001 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002320010045
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

KVLQT1 (KCNQ1) is a voltage-gated K+ channel essential for repolarization of the heart action potential that is defective in cardiac arrhythmia. The channel is inhibited by the chromanol 293B, a compound that blocks cAMP-dependent electrolyte secretion in rat and human colon, therefore suggesting expression of a similar type of K+ channel in the colonic epithelium. We now report cloning and expression of KVLQT1 from rat colon. Overlapping clones identified by cDNA-library screening were combined to a full length cDNA that shares high sequence homology to KVLQT1 cloned from other species. RT-PCR analysis of rat colonic musoca demonstrated expression of KVLQT1 in crypt cells and surface epithelium. Expression of rKVLQT1 in Xenopus oocytes induced a typical delayed activated K+ current, that was further activated by increase of intracellular cAMP but not Ca2+ and that was blocked by the chromanol 293B. The same compound blocked a basolateral cAMP-activated K+ conductance in the colonic mucosal epithelium and inhibited whole cell K+ currents in patch-clamp experiments on isolated colonic crypts. We conclude that KVLQT1 is forming an important component of the basolateral cAMP-activated K+ conductance in the colonic epithelium and plays a crucial role in diseases like secretory diarrhea and cystic fibrosis.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 15, 2001

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