Clonazepam/lorazepam

Clonazepam/lorazepam Reactions 1704, p113 - 2 Jun 2018 Various toxicities as paradoxical reactions: 2 case reports A case series described two men aged 66 and 77 years, who developed paradoxical reactions manifested as worsening of agitation, sleep disturbances, aggression, escalation of pacing behaviour, restlessness or anger outburst during treatment with lorazepam (1 patient) and clonazepam (1 patient) [not all routes, durations of treatments to reactions onsets and outcomes stated]. Case 1: A 66-year-old man, who had behavioural variant of fronto-temporal dementia, presented with severe agitation. Initially, he received treatment with haloperidol, but no adequate response was noted. His agitation and pacing behaviour was analysed in the inpatient setting. Drug-induced akathisia was considered possible and his treatment with haloperidol was stopped. Despite treatment with clonazepam and propranolol, the agitation persisted. Therefore, treatment with oral lorazepam 2mg twice a day was initiated. His family members reported that he had less overnight sleep, agitation and escalated pacing behaviour on the following morning. His behaviour recurred after the second dose of lorazepam, along with worsening of agitation. His treatment with lorazepam was discontinued after two doses. Consequently, his agitation reduced gradually within the following two days. His family reported that he reached baseline. However, sleep disturbances still persisted, for which diazepam was administered. He was discharged with no worsening of behavioural problems. Case 2: A 77-year-old man was diagnosed with diffuse Lewy body dementia. Treatment with clonazepam 0.5mg twice a day was started for agitation. Thereafter, his agitation increased to the extent of severe unmanageable behaviour after the initiation of clonazepam. He developed restlessness, anger outburst and continuously pacing behaviour. His treatment with clonazepam was withdrawn. Consequently, his behaviour gradually returned to the baseline and agitation disappeared slowly. Later, he received melatonin for the treatment of sleep disturbances. Author comment: "Both the patients discussed here are elderly with dementia. They developed paradoxical reaction to [benzodiazepines]. The symptoms of agitation, aggression and disturbed sleep subsided after discontinuing the [benzodiazepines]. In the first case the offending agent was lorazepam and in the second case it was clonazepam." Reddy MSS, et al. Paradoxical reaction to benzodiazepines in elderly - Case series. Asian Journal of Psychiatry 35: 8-10, Jun 2018. Available from: URL: http:// doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2018.04.037 - India 803323805 0114-9954/18/1704-0001/$14.95 Adis © 2018 Springer International Publishing AG. All rights reserved Reactions 2 Jun 2018 No. 1704 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Reactions Weekly Springer Journals

Clonazepam/lorazepam

Reactions Weekly , Volume 1704 (1) – Jun 2, 2018
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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Drug Safety and Pharmacovigilance; Pharmacology/Toxicology
ISSN
0114-9954
eISSN
1179-2051
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40278-018-46756-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Reactions 1704, p113 - 2 Jun 2018 Various toxicities as paradoxical reactions: 2 case reports A case series described two men aged 66 and 77 years, who developed paradoxical reactions manifested as worsening of agitation, sleep disturbances, aggression, escalation of pacing behaviour, restlessness or anger outburst during treatment with lorazepam (1 patient) and clonazepam (1 patient) [not all routes, durations of treatments to reactions onsets and outcomes stated]. Case 1: A 66-year-old man, who had behavioural variant of fronto-temporal dementia, presented with severe agitation. Initially, he received treatment with haloperidol, but no adequate response was noted. His agitation and pacing behaviour was analysed in the inpatient setting. Drug-induced akathisia was considered possible and his treatment with haloperidol was stopped. Despite treatment with clonazepam and propranolol, the agitation persisted. Therefore, treatment with oral lorazepam 2mg twice a day was initiated. His family members reported that he had less overnight sleep, agitation and escalated pacing behaviour on the following morning. His behaviour recurred after the second dose of lorazepam, along with worsening of agitation. His treatment with lorazepam was discontinued after two doses. Consequently, his agitation reduced gradually within the following two days. His family reported that he reached baseline. However, sleep disturbances still persisted, for which diazepam was administered. He was discharged with no worsening of behavioural problems. Case 2: A 77-year-old man was diagnosed with diffuse Lewy body dementia. Treatment with clonazepam 0.5mg twice a day was started for agitation. Thereafter, his agitation increased to the extent of severe unmanageable behaviour after the initiation of clonazepam. He developed restlessness, anger outburst and continuously pacing behaviour. His treatment with clonazepam was withdrawn. Consequently, his behaviour gradually returned to the baseline and agitation disappeared slowly. Later, he received melatonin for the treatment of sleep disturbances. Author comment: "Both the patients discussed here are elderly with dementia. They developed paradoxical reaction to [benzodiazepines]. The symptoms of agitation, aggression and disturbed sleep subsided after discontinuing the [benzodiazepines]. In the first case the offending agent was lorazepam and in the second case it was clonazepam." Reddy MSS, et al. Paradoxical reaction to benzodiazepines in elderly - Case series. Asian Journal of Psychiatry 35: 8-10, Jun 2018. Available from: URL: http:// doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2018.04.037 - India 803323805 0114-9954/18/1704-0001/$14.95 Adis © 2018 Springer International Publishing AG. All rights reserved Reactions 2 Jun 2018 No. 1704

Journal

Reactions WeeklySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 2, 2018

References

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