Migraine attacks increase during the perimenstrual period in approximately half of female migraineurs. There are differences in the pathogenesis and clinical features of menstrually related and non-menstrual migraine attacks. The objective of this study was to compare the characteristics of migraine in patients with menstrually related and non-menstrual migraine, and to investigate the differences between premenstrual, menstrual, and late-menstrual migraine attacks. Three-hundred and thirty-two women with migraine without aura were evaluated using questionnaires and diaries to determine the characteristics of headache, preceding and accompanying symptoms, and the relation of migraine attacks and menstruation. One-hundred and sixty-three women had menstrually related migraine without aura (49.1%). Duration of disease and duration of headache were longer (p = 0.002 and p < 0.001, respectively), and nausea, vomiting, phonophobia, and aggravation of headache with physical activity were more frequent in patients with menstrually related migraine (p = 0.005, p = 0.006, p < 0.001 and p = 0.006, respectively). Premonitory symptoms and allodynia were observed more frequently in the menstrually related migraine group (p = 0.012 and p = 0.004, respectively). Perimenstrual migraine attacks occurred premenstrually (days −2 and −1) in 46 patients (25.3%), menstrually (days 1 to 3) in 90 patients (49.4%), and late menstrually (days 4 to 7) in 19 patients (10.4%). Our results showed that the duration of headache was longer and accompanying symptoms were more frequent and diverse in patients with menstrually related migraine without aura, suggesting that these findings may reflect the increase in excitability or susceptibility of the brain in these patients.
Acta Neurologica Belgica – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2017
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