Clinical characteristics and prognosis of pediatric cryptococcosis in Beijing Children’s Hospital, 2002–2014

Clinical characteristics and prognosis of pediatric cryptococcosis in Beijing Children’s... Cryptococcosis is a rare pediatric disease. The aim of the study is to describe clinical characteristics and prognosis of pediatric cryptococcosis from 2002 to 2014 in Beijing Children’s Hospital. A total of 53 cases of cryptococcosis were identified, 69.8% of which were males. The mean age was 7 years. Forty-one (77.4%) patients had no underlying conditions. Fever, headache, and vomiting were the most common symptoms. The most common sites were the central nervous system (CNS), followed by the lungs. Most patients received a combination of amphotericin B and fluconazole with or without flucytosine as their initial regimen. Twenty-seven patients received a follow-up and six patients (22.2%) had died. The factors associated with neurological complications or death were headache (P = 0.008), seizures (P = 0.006), visual impairment (P = 0.011), neck stiffness (P = 0.008), low erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (P = 0.024), and a cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) cryptococcal antigen titer ≥ 1:1024 (P = 0.038). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Pediatrics Springer Journals

Clinical characteristics and prognosis of pediatric cryptococcosis in Beijing Children’s Hospital, 2002–2014

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Pediatrics
ISSN
0340-6199
eISSN
1432-1076
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00431-017-2974-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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