Background Total pharyngolaryngoesophagectomy (PLE) is used as a curative treatment for synchronous laryn- gopharyngeal and thoracic esophageal cancer or for multiple cancers in the cervical and thoracic esophagus. Gastric pull-up is commonly used after PLE, but postoperative complications are common. The present study evaluated these procedures in patients with esophageal cancer. Methods Fourteen patients (7 with synchronous pharyngeal and thoracic esophageal cancer, 4 with synchronous cervical and thoracic esophageal cancer, and 3 with cervicothoracic esophageal cancer) underwent reconstructive surgery after PLE involving gastric pull-up combined with free jejunal graft between 2004 and 2015. Results Esophagectomy via right thoracotomy was performed in 9 patients, and transhiatal esophagectomy was used in 5. The posterior mediastinal route was used in 13 patients, excluding one patient with early gastric cancer. Interposition of a free jejunal graft included microvascular anastomosis using two arteries and two veins in all patients. Anastomotic leakage and graft necrosis did not occur in any of the 14 patients who underwent the above surgical procedures. Tracheal ischemia close to the tracheostomy oriﬁce occurred in 4 patients (28.6%), but none of these patients developed pneumonia. No hospital deaths were recorded. Conclusions The results indicate that gastric pull-up combined with free jejunal
World Journal of Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: May 1, 2017
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