Clinical and sonographic features of pediatric soft-tissue vascular anomalies part 2: vascular malformations

Clinical and sonographic features of pediatric soft-tissue vascular anomalies part 2: vascular... Vascular malformations are a heterogeneous group of entities, many of which present in the pediatric age group. Sonography plays a major role in the management of children with these vascular anomalies by providing information that helps in diagnosing them, in assessing lesion extent and complications, and in monitoring response to therapy. The interpretation of sonographic findings requires correlation with clinical findings, some of which can be easily obtained at the time of scanning. This has to be combined with the use of appropriate nomenclature and the most updated classification in order to categorize these patients into the appropriate management pathway. Some vascular malformations are part of combined vascular anomalies or are associated with syndromes that include other disorders, frequently limb overgrowth, and these are now being reclassified based on their underlying genetic mutation. Sonography has limitations in the evaluation of some vascular malformations and in these cases MR imaging might be considered the imaging modality of choice, particularly for lesions that are large, that involve multiple compartments or are associated with other soft-tissue and bone abnormalities. In this article, which is part 2 of a two-part series, the authors review the most relevant clinical and sonographic features of arteriovenous, capillary, venous and lymphatic malformations as well as vascular malformations that are part of more complex conditions or associated with syndromes, including Parkes–Weber syndrome, phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) hamartoma tumor syndromes, Klippel–Trénaunay syndrome, CLOVES (congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformations, epidermal nevi and skeletal anomalies) syndrome, fibro-adipose vascular anomaly and Proteus syndrome. Pediatric Radiology Springer Journals

Clinical and sonographic features of pediatric soft-tissue vascular anomalies part 2: vascular malformations

Loading next page...
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Medicine & Public Health; Imaging / Radiology; Pediatrics; Neuroradiology; Nuclear Medicine; Ultrasound; Oncology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial