Clinical and sonographic features of pediatric soft-tissue vascular anomalies part 2: vascular malformations

Clinical and sonographic features of pediatric soft-tissue vascular anomalies part 2: vascular... Vascular malformations are a heterogeneous group of entities, many of which present in the pediatric age group. Sonography plays a major role in the management of children with these vascular anomalies by providing information that helps in diagnosing them, in assessing lesion extent and complications, and in monitoring response to therapy. The interpretation of sonographic findings requires correlation with clinical findings, some of which can be easily obtained at the time of scanning. This has to be combined with the use of appropriate nomenclature and the most updated classification in order to categorize these patients into the appropriate management pathway. Some vascular malformations are part of combined vascular anomalies or are associated with syndromes that include other disorders, frequently limb overgrowth, and these are now being reclassified based on their underlying genetic mutation. Sonography has limitations in the evaluation of some vascular malformations and in these cases MR imaging might be considered the imaging modality of choice, particularly for lesions that are large, that involve multiple compartments or are associated with other soft-tissue and bone abnormalities. In this article, which is part 2 of a two-part series, the authors review the most relevant clinical and sonographic features of arteriovenous, capillary, venous and lymphatic malformations as well as vascular malformations that are part of more complex conditions or associated with syndromes, including Parkes–Weber syndrome, phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) hamartoma tumor syndromes, Klippel–Trénaunay syndrome, CLOVES (congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformations, epidermal nevi and skeletal anomalies) syndrome, fibro-adipose vascular anomaly and Proteus syndrome. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pediatric Radiology Springer Journals

Clinical and sonographic features of pediatric soft-tissue vascular anomalies part 2: vascular malformations

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/clinical-and-sonographic-features-of-pediatric-soft-tissue-vascular-9uGAQ59X0V
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Imaging / Radiology; Pediatrics; Neuroradiology; Nuclear Medicine; Ultrasound; Oncology
ISSN
0301-0449
eISSN
1432-1998
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00247-017-3906-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Vascular malformations are a heterogeneous group of entities, many of which present in the pediatric age group. Sonography plays a major role in the management of children with these vascular anomalies by providing information that helps in diagnosing them, in assessing lesion extent and complications, and in monitoring response to therapy. The interpretation of sonographic findings requires correlation with clinical findings, some of which can be easily obtained at the time of scanning. This has to be combined with the use of appropriate nomenclature and the most updated classification in order to categorize these patients into the appropriate management pathway. Some vascular malformations are part of combined vascular anomalies or are associated with syndromes that include other disorders, frequently limb overgrowth, and these are now being reclassified based on their underlying genetic mutation. Sonography has limitations in the evaluation of some vascular malformations and in these cases MR imaging might be considered the imaging modality of choice, particularly for lesions that are large, that involve multiple compartments or are associated with other soft-tissue and bone abnormalities. In this article, which is part 2 of a two-part series, the authors review the most relevant clinical and sonographic features of arteriovenous, capillary, venous and lymphatic malformations as well as vascular malformations that are part of more complex conditions or associated with syndromes, including Parkes–Weber syndrome, phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) hamartoma tumor syndromes, Klippel–Trénaunay syndrome, CLOVES (congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformations, epidermal nevi and skeletal anomalies) syndrome, fibro-adipose vascular anomaly and Proteus syndrome.

Journal

Pediatric RadiologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 4, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off