Clinic Outcome Assessment of a Brief Course Neurofeedback for Childhood ADHD Symptoms

Clinic Outcome Assessment of a Brief Course Neurofeedback for Childhood ADHD Symptoms Clinic Outcome Assessment of a Brief Course Neurofeedback for Childhood ADHD Symptoms Kate B. Nooner, PhD Kirsten D. Leaberry, MA Julian R. Keith, PhD Richard L. Ogle, PhD Neurofeedback (NFB) is a noninvasive neurocognitive intervention that relies on the principles of operant conditioning to retrain brainwave patterns associated with concentration, relaxation, and attention. When conducting NFB, electrodes are attached to the scalp and connected to a computer, which reads the brain waves. Brain waves in the desired range are reinforced (e.g., earning points), while brain waves outside of the range are punished (e.g., hearing beeping tone). Typical neurofeedback batteries for childhood attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) 2–4 symptoms involve 30–40 neurofeedback sessions, each lasting 30–60 min. NFB can help children with ADHD symptoms learn which brain waves are associated with focused attention and which are not. NFB can involve teaching children to modify specific brainwaves associated with ADHD symptoms. Beta waves (13–30 Hz) are related to concentration and alertness, while alpha (8– 1,2 12 Hz) and theta (4–8 Hz) waves are associated with relaxation. Additionally, theta waves are 1,2 associated with daydreaming and lethargy. Some NFB treatments for ADHD symptoms utilize theta/beta training to increase beta wave activity to The Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research Springer Journals

Clinic Outcome Assessment of a Brief Course Neurofeedback for Childhood ADHD Symptoms

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Springer US
Copyright © 2016 by National Council for Behavioral Health
Medicine & Public Health; Public Health; Health Psychology; Community and Environmental Psychology; Health Promotion and Disease Prevention; Health Informatics; Psychiatry
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