Climate Change Impacts on Waterborne Diseases: Moving Toward Designing Interventions

Climate Change Impacts on Waterborne Diseases: Moving Toward Designing Interventions Purpose Climate change threatens progress achieved in global reductions of infectious disease rates over recent decades. This review summarizes literature on potential impacts of climate change on waterborne diseases, organized around a framework of questions that can be addressed depending on available data. Recent Findings A growing body of evidence suggests that climate change may alter the incidence of waterborne diseases, and diarrheal diseases in particular. Much of the existing work examines historical relationships between weather and diarrhea incidence, with a limited number of studies projecting future disease rates. Some studies take social and ecological factors into account in considerations of historical relationships, but few have done so in projecting future conditions. Summary The field is at a point of transition, toward incorporating social and ecological factors into understanding the relation- ships between climatic factors and diarrheal diseases and using this information for future projections. The integration of these components helps identify vulnerable populations and prioritize adaptation strategies. . . . . . Keywords Climate change Diarrhea Enteric diseases Temperature Rainfall Social vulnerability Introduction Anthropogenic climate change has caused increases in the number of warm days and nights, and the frequency Climate change is increasingly understood not just as http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Environmental Health Reports Springer Journals

Climate Change Impacts on Waterborne Diseases: Moving Toward Designing Interventions

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Medicine/Public Health, general; Environmental Health
eISSN
2196-5412
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40572-018-0199-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose Climate change threatens progress achieved in global reductions of infectious disease rates over recent decades. This review summarizes literature on potential impacts of climate change on waterborne diseases, organized around a framework of questions that can be addressed depending on available data. Recent Findings A growing body of evidence suggests that climate change may alter the incidence of waterborne diseases, and diarrheal diseases in particular. Much of the existing work examines historical relationships between weather and diarrhea incidence, with a limited number of studies projecting future disease rates. Some studies take social and ecological factors into account in considerations of historical relationships, but few have done so in projecting future conditions. Summary The field is at a point of transition, toward incorporating social and ecological factors into understanding the relation- ships between climatic factors and diarrheal diseases and using this information for future projections. The integration of these components helps identify vulnerable populations and prioritize adaptation strategies. . . . . . Keywords Climate change Diarrhea Enteric diseases Temperature Rainfall Social vulnerability Introduction Anthropogenic climate change has caused increases in the number of warm days and nights, and the frequency Climate change is increasingly understood not just as

Journal

Current Environmental Health ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: May 2, 2018

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