Clays and kaolins of Ukraine

Clays and kaolins of Ukraine Refractories and Industrial Ceramics Vol. 40, Nos. 3 - 4, 1999 INFORMATION UDC 666.32 + 666.321](061.3)(477) N. V. Pitak i Translated from Ogneupory i Tekhnicheskaya Keramika, No. 3, p. 45, March, 1999. A specialized exhibition and conference "Clays and Ka- nite and hydromicas. Large deposits of kaolins are olins of Ukraine: Deposits, Products, Technology" was held Belyaevskoe (Zaporozhe Region, 83 million tons), Turbov- October 12 - 16, 1998 in Kiev. skoe (Vinnitsa Region, 65 million tons), Prosyanovskoe, and It was organized by the Ministry of Industrial Policy of Glikhovetskoe. Unique clay resources are found in the Ukraine, the State Committee of Ukraine on Geology and Donetsk Region. Fourteen deposits have been prospected, Use of Mineral Resources, and the State Corporation nine arof them are beinge mined, one is being prepared for "Ukrstroimaterialy." The conference was held in the State mining, one is being conserved, and 3 have not been worked. Polytechnic Museum. These clay resources amount to 500 million tons, and the It was attended by the deputy minister of industrial pol- predicted volume attains several billion tons. The Vinnitsa icy S. G. Grishchenko, the deputy head of the Ukrstroimate- Region contains saponite clays with an elevated content of rialy State Corporation I. P. Kobyako, scientists and workers magnesium and potassium and some zeolites, which are used of numerous Ukrainian research institutes and industrial or- as adsorbents of heavy metals. ganizations, and representatives of firms from the USA, Ger- A representative of the Ministry of Industrial Policy of many, France, the Czech Republic, and other countries. Ukraine reported the prospects of processing waste of kaolin The exhibition presented kaolins, clays, bentonites, and enterprises that contains rare-earth elements in monacite plus other mineral resources, products made of porcelain and fa- gold, abrasive garnet, and other elements. The waste of the ience, refractories, concretes, powders, and fibrous materials. Turbovskoe Kaolin Plant contains monacite (at most 1%) The conference participants heard 30 reports concerning that bears 25% rare-earth elements. The content of gold in resources of clays, kaolins, bentonites, saponites, hydromi- the waste amounts to 0.1%, and that of garnet amounts to cas, etc. The predicted resources of kaolins amount to 4.5 billion tons; of which 0.5 billion tons has been pros- 10%. Extraction of these minerals can be very profitable. A number of large deposits of bentonites, clays, and ka- pected. Ukraine possesses 34 deposits of kaolin raw materi- als, of which 27 are primary kaolins and 6 are secondary ka- olins lie close to the borders with Hungary, Slovakia and Po- olins. Up to 1990 the country had mined 3.2 million tons of land. The resources are evaluated at 600 million tons. primary kaolins, of which 2 millions tons had been enriched Bentonites are used as adsorbents for cleaning oils, food for fabricating concentrates. Kaolins studied to various de- products, and sugar. They are used as a mineral matrix of grees have been found in 150 localities. 25% of the mined biochemical melioration composites containing growth si- kaolins are used inside the country and the other part is ex- mulators, mineral fertilizers, microelements, and sorbites. ported to Russia, Belarus, other CIS countries, and countries Bentonites are used in reagents for cleaning and deactivating of Central and Western Europe. The best grades of concen- surfaces and localizing toxic substances with the aim of their trated kaolins and bentonites are used in the production of absorption and long-term containment. porcelain and faience, paper, rubber, and drilling fluids. G. Zdenek, a representative of the Zeppelin Bauma- Some depa number ofosits of bentonite clays have been chinen GmbH Company and a dealer of the Caterpillar Com- found in the Kharkov Region (19.1 million m 3, beds pany in Ukraine, informed the participants about the condi- 5.7- 40 m thick). The overburden rock is 0.3- 16 m thick. tion of the Caterpillar Company in the world. In 1996 - 1997 Bentonites are predominantly represented by montmorillo- the company opened 3 offices in Ukraine (Kiev, Dneprope- trovsk, Odessa) with a personnel of 20 people. The company 1 A. S. Berezhnoi Ukrainian Research Institute of Refractories, Kharkov, Ukraine. supplies Ukraine with a wide range of equipment. 1083-4877/99/0304-0127522.00 9 1999 Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers Refractories and Industrial Ceramics Springer Journals

Clays and kaolins of Ukraine

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Copyright © 1999 by Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers
Chemistry; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Materials Science; Ceramics, Glass, Composites, Natural Methods
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