Claude E. Shannon (1916–2001)

Claude E. Shannon (1916–2001) Claude E. Shannon, the founding father of information theory, died on February 24, He is well known all over the world for his pioneering research in mathematical theory of communication, in which he introduced and developed the notion of information as measured by the number of transmitted bits, and studied information capacity of different communication channels under realistic noise conditions. At Bell Laboratories, where he worked from 1941 to 1972, he is also remembered as a joyful person who would often ride the hallways on a unicycle while juggling several balls. He could indeed juggle several balls (and he wrote several mathematical papers on how to do it), and he could also “juggle”—successfully work on—several research projects at the same time. Some of these projects involve computation with guaranteed error estimation and can be thus truly called forerunners of computation with automatic result verification. Shannon’s 1940 paper “Mathematical Theory of the Differential Analyzer” (Journal of Mathematics and Physics 20 (4) (1941)) contains the pioneer analysis of the world’s first working universal computer—Vannaver Bush’s analog Differential Analyzer. The computer consisted of the simplest analog devices: integrators and adders. Two problems remained open when Shannon started his research: • First (due Reliable Computing Springer Journals

Claude E. Shannon (1916–2001)

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Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright © 2001 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Mathematics; Numeric Computing; Approximations and Expansions; Computational Mathematics and Numerical Analysis; Mathematical Modeling and Industrial Mathematics
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