Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with the phenotypic expression of the activity of different forms of lipoxygenase (LOX) under water deficit were detected in the chromosomes of the D-genome using intogression lines of common wheat Triticum aestivum L. Chinese Spring (Synthetic 6x). QTL associated with the activity of seed soluble LOX was identified on the short arm of chromosome 4D. The activity of membranebound form of enzyme in the seedlings was mapped to the short arm, while that of a soluble form was on the long arm of chromosome 5D. Two regions responsible for the activity of soluble LOX in the leaves were found on the short arm of chromosome 2D. Three QTLs associated with the activities of chloroplast LOXs were found on the same chromosome: the activity of the soluble form was linked to Xgwm261 and Xgwm539 markers, and the membrane form to Xgdm93 marker. QTLs for the activities of both soluble and membrane-bound LOX in the leaves were identified in the centromeric region of chromosome 7D. The activities of two membrane enzymes in the leaves were linked to Xgdm130 marker on the short arm of this chromosome. Loci associated with the activity of different LOX forms colocalized with QTLs for the shoot mass, gas exchange parameters, chlorophyll fluorescence, content of photosynthetic pigments, and grain productivity of wheat. A correlation between these parameters and the LOX activity was detected and it was shown that various forms of the enzyme were differentially involved in the adaptation of wheat plants to water deficit. The current paper discusses their presumed physiological role.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 23, 2017
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