Chromosome polymorphism and regularities of the subpopulation organization of malaria mosquitoes Anopheles (Diptera, Culicidae) in biotopes of the Tomsk oblast

Chromosome polymorphism and regularities of the subpopulation organization of malaria mosquitoes... A biotopic subdivision was observed for the two closely related species Anopheles messeae and A. beklemishevi in larval biotopes of the Tomsk oblast. The regularities of the spatial distribution of A. messeae with various chromosomal inversions were determined. The A. messeae karyotypic structure proved to vary depending on the ecological conditions of wintering and reproduction sites. The frequencies of chromosome variants XL0, 2R0, 3R0, and 3L0 were maximal in villages, while forest biotopes were characterized by elevated frequencies of alternative inversions. A comparison of the chromosomal structure for larvae and adults confirmed the subdivision of spatial niches for adults with different karyotypes. The difference in spatial niches was assumed to reflect the ecological specialization of mosquitoes. At the interspecific level, such specialization allows closely related species to occur in sympatry regions. At the intraspecific level, a subdivision of spatial niches reduces the intraspecific competition, increases the population size, and improves the survival during unfavorable periods associated with changes in abiotic factors. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Chromosome polymorphism and regularities of the subpopulation organization of malaria mosquitoes Anopheles (Diptera, Culicidae) in biotopes of the Tomsk oblast

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Biomedicine; Microbial Genetics and Genomics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S102279540904005X
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A biotopic subdivision was observed for the two closely related species Anopheles messeae and A. beklemishevi in larval biotopes of the Tomsk oblast. The regularities of the spatial distribution of A. messeae with various chromosomal inversions were determined. The A. messeae karyotypic structure proved to vary depending on the ecological conditions of wintering and reproduction sites. The frequencies of chromosome variants XL0, 2R0, 3R0, and 3L0 were maximal in villages, while forest biotopes were characterized by elevated frequencies of alternative inversions. A comparison of the chromosomal structure for larvae and adults confirmed the subdivision of spatial niches for adults with different karyotypes. The difference in spatial niches was assumed to reflect the ecological specialization of mosquitoes. At the interspecific level, such specialization allows closely related species to occur in sympatry regions. At the intraspecific level, a subdivision of spatial niches reduces the intraspecific competition, increases the population size, and improves the survival during unfavorable periods associated with changes in abiotic factors.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 25, 2009

References

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