In the hybrid cells obtained by fusion of embryonic stem cells with adult differentiated cells, homologous chromosomes are in two ontogenetic configurations: pluripotent and differentiated. In order to assess the role of cis- and trans-regulation in the maintenance of these states, we studied a set of clones of hybrid cells of the type embryonic stem cells–splenocytes and used two approaches: segregation of parental chromosomes and comparison of pluripotency of the past hybrid cells and embryonic stem cells. The segregation test showed that the hybrid cells lost only the homologs of the somatic partner and this process was sharply accelerated when the cells were cultivated in nonselective conditions, thus suggesting the full or partial preservation of the initial differences in the organization of parental homologs. The descendants of the former hybrid cells, which had the karyotype similar to that of embryonic stem cells, demonstrated the level of pluripotency, comparable with that of embryonic stem cells despite the long-term effect of trans-acting factors from the somatic partner in the genome of hybrid cells. The data obtained are interpreted in the framework of the concept of “chromosome memory,” in the maintenance of which the key role is played bycis-regulatory factors.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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