Chromosome CPD(PI/DAPI)- and CMA/DAPI-Banding Patterns in Allium cepa L.

Chromosome CPD(PI/DAPI)- and CMA/DAPI-Banding Patterns in Allium cepa L. Chromosome banding patterns of Allium cepa L. were obtained by using fluorescent dye combinations chromomycin A3 (CMA) + 4",6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI), DAPI + actinomycin D (AMD) and propidium iodide (PI) + DAPI. In A. cepa,telomeric heterochromatin displayed dull fluorescence after staining with DAPI and DAPI/AMD. After joint staining with the GC-specific CMA and AT-specific DAPI, the CMA-positive fluorescence of the NOR region and the telomeric bands of C-heterochromatin was observed. In combination with DAPI, PI, a dye with low AT/GC specificity, produced almost uniform fluorescence of chromosomal arms and heterochromatin, whereas the NOR-adjoining regions displayed bright fluorescence. Denaturation of chromosomal DNA (2 × SSC, 95°C for 1–3 min) followed by renaturation (2 × SSC, 37°C, 12 h) altered the chromosome fluorescence patterns: specific PI-positive bands appeared and the contrast of CMA-banding increased. Bright fluorescence of NOR and adjoining regions was also observed in the case. Three-minute denaturation led also to a bright PI-positive fluorescence of telomeric heterochromatin. The denaturation of chromosomal DNA before staining results in changes of the DAPI fluorescence pattern and in the appearance of bright DAPI fluorescence in GC-rich NOP regions. The mechanisms underlying the effects of denaturation/renaturation procedures on chromosome banding patterns obtained with different fluorochromes are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Chromosome CPD(PI/DAPI)- and CMA/DAPI-Banding Patterns in Allium cepa L.

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1015250219322
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Chromosome banding patterns of Allium cepa L. were obtained by using fluorescent dye combinations chromomycin A3 (CMA) + 4",6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI), DAPI + actinomycin D (AMD) and propidium iodide (PI) + DAPI. In A. cepa,telomeric heterochromatin displayed dull fluorescence after staining with DAPI and DAPI/AMD. After joint staining with the GC-specific CMA and AT-specific DAPI, the CMA-positive fluorescence of the NOR region and the telomeric bands of C-heterochromatin was observed. In combination with DAPI, PI, a dye with low AT/GC specificity, produced almost uniform fluorescence of chromosomal arms and heterochromatin, whereas the NOR-adjoining regions displayed bright fluorescence. Denaturation of chromosomal DNA (2 × SSC, 95°C for 1–3 min) followed by renaturation (2 × SSC, 37°C, 12 h) altered the chromosome fluorescence patterns: specific PI-positive bands appeared and the contrast of CMA-banding increased. Bright fluorescence of NOR and adjoining regions was also observed in the case. Three-minute denaturation led also to a bright PI-positive fluorescence of telomeric heterochromatin. The denaturation of chromosomal DNA before staining results in changes of the DAPI fluorescence pattern and in the appearance of bright DAPI fluorescence in GC-rich NOP regions. The mechanisms underlying the effects of denaturation/renaturation procedures on chromosome banding patterns obtained with different fluorochromes are discussed.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 13, 2004

References

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