Differences in isoenzyme pattern of aromatic alcohol dehydrogenase, NADP-AADH or CAD, were found in the Triticum aestivum L. winter bread wheat cultivars by the method of electrophoresis in the starch gel. A standard three-component spectrum is present in the cv. Zitnica (former Yugoslavia); additional fact-migrating isoenzymes appear in the cv. Novosibirskaya 9 (Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia). The presence of fast-migrating CAD isoenzymes is designated as FF phenotype; their absence, as 00 phenotype. Hybridological analysis was carried out; the excess of “null” genotypes was found in F2 progenies. Hybridization with nulli-tetrasomic lines of the chromosomes of the fifth homeologous group was conducted for the gene localization. The segregation analysis demonstrated the most probable localization of the CAD1-F gene in the chromosome 5A. The plants with FF and 00 genotypes differed in a number of chemical and anatomical traits, as well as in grain productivity. The results obtained are discussed in connection with the function of this enzyme in the wheat plant tissues.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 20, 2016
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