Data are presented in favor of universal significance of physical connections between pericentromeric regions of homologs in their orientation to the opposite poles of the first meiotic division in Drosophila melanogaster. Disturbances in the formation of such connections caused by structural or locus mutations are compensated for by the presence of pericentromeric chiasmata between homologs or (in the case of their absence) by chromocentral connections between nonhomologs being preserved up to the prometaphase. In the latter case, an interchromosome effect on chromosome disjunction and nonhomologous pairing is registered by genetic methods. Inhibition of the formation of the division spindle fibers during prometaphase of meiosis 1 by the long-term action of colcemide promotes the retention of connections between paired nonexchanged homologs and between nonhomologous chromosomes with abnormal homologous pairing because of heterozygosity for numerous inversions and transpositions (X and autosome 2). These connections are registered cytologically. Cytologically registered are also connections between normal X chromosomes and metacentric compounds by the arms of autosome 2 (C(2L)RM, C(2R)RM), which is the known case of the interchromosome effect on chromosome nondisjunction. It is supposed that cytologically detected associations between compounds are realized through a normal mechanism, as a result of interaction and formation of orienting connections between the homologous pericentromeric regions of these compounds. Cytological evidence is presented for colocation of compounds in the chromocentrally organized nucleus of somatic and germline cells.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 18, 2009
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