Chromium (VI) biosorption by Saccharomyces cerevisiae subjected to chemical and thermal treatments

Chromium (VI) biosorption by Saccharomyces cerevisiae subjected to chemical and thermal treatments The potential of chemically and thermally treated Saccharomyces cerevisiae as biosorbents for chromium (VI) was investigated in this work. The presence of this toxic metal in industrial effluents is harmful to the environment, so, it is important to develop environmental friendly methods for Cr(VI) removal from these effluents. Biosorption using microorganisms such as S. cerevisiae is a viable treatment option because this biomass is easily available as a residue of fermentation industries. In this study, the affecting variables on Cr(VI) biosorption were studied by constructing biosorption isotherms, using lyophilized yeast subjected to chemical and thermal treatments. S. cerevisiae was able to remove 99.66% of Cr(VI) from effluents by biosorption. The significant variables affecting biosorption were pH, initial Cr(VI) concentration, and contact time. The biosorption isotherms were represented by the Freundlich model for the untreated biomass, BET model for the chemically treated biomass, and Langmuir model for the heat-treated biomass. Thermal treatment increased the biosorption affinity of the biomass for chromium, while the chemical treatment facilitated the formation of a multilayer. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Science and Pollution Research Springer Journals

Chromium (VI) biosorption by Saccharomyces cerevisiae subjected to chemical and thermal treatments

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Environment; Environment, general; Environmental Chemistry; Ecotoxicology; Environmental Health; Atmospheric Protection/Air Quality Control/Air Pollution; Waste Water Technology / Water Pollution Control / Water Management / Aquatic Pollution
ISSN
0944-1344
eISSN
1614-7499
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11356-018-2377-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The potential of chemically and thermally treated Saccharomyces cerevisiae as biosorbents for chromium (VI) was investigated in this work. The presence of this toxic metal in industrial effluents is harmful to the environment, so, it is important to develop environmental friendly methods for Cr(VI) removal from these effluents. Biosorption using microorganisms such as S. cerevisiae is a viable treatment option because this biomass is easily available as a residue of fermentation industries. In this study, the affecting variables on Cr(VI) biosorption were studied by constructing biosorption isotherms, using lyophilized yeast subjected to chemical and thermal treatments. S. cerevisiae was able to remove 99.66% of Cr(VI) from effluents by biosorption. The significant variables affecting biosorption were pH, initial Cr(VI) concentration, and contact time. The biosorption isotherms were represented by the Freundlich model for the untreated biomass, BET model for the chemically treated biomass, and Langmuir model for the heat-treated biomass. Thermal treatment increased the biosorption affinity of the biomass for chromium, while the chemical treatment facilitated the formation of a multilayer.

Journal

Environmental Science and Pollution ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: May 28, 2018

References

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