Chloroplast ultrastructure in leaves of tobacco plants with the introduced gene for the acyl-lipid Δ9-desaturase from Synechococcus vulcanus at normal and low temperature

Chloroplast ultrastructure in leaves of tobacco plants with the introduced gene for the... Ultrastructural changes in chloroplasts of tobacco plants (Nicotiana tabacum L.) with the introduced desC gene for the acyl-lipid Δ9-desaturase from the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus vulcanus were investigated during plant acclimation to cold. Control plants were transformed with an empty pGA482 binary vector. At optimum growth temperature, a decreased number of grana and thylakoids and an increased number of plastoglobules and their larger area were observed in transgenic plants when compared to control ones. In control plants, acclimation to cold (6 days at 10°C) resulted in the larger areas of chloroplasts and grana. These changes indicated starting cold-induced injuries manifested in swelling of the stroma and a slight decrease in the total number of thylakoids in the chloroplast. In contrast, transgenic plants responded to cold by reducing the chloroplast, granal, and plastoglobule areas. Meantime, the number of thylakoids per granum increased noticeably. The total number of thylakoids in the chloroplast increased from 123 to 203. It was concluded that expression of the acyl-lipid Δ9-desaturase gene in tobacco plants provided for the formation of the cell ultrastructure similar to one characteristic of cold-tolerant plants. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Chloroplast ultrastructure in leaves of tobacco plants with the introduced gene for the acyl-lipid Δ9-desaturase from Synechococcus vulcanus at normal and low temperature

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443707020173
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Ultrastructural changes in chloroplasts of tobacco plants (Nicotiana tabacum L.) with the introduced desC gene for the acyl-lipid Δ9-desaturase from the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus vulcanus were investigated during plant acclimation to cold. Control plants were transformed with an empty pGA482 binary vector. At optimum growth temperature, a decreased number of grana and thylakoids and an increased number of plastoglobules and their larger area were observed in transgenic plants when compared to control ones. In control plants, acclimation to cold (6 days at 10°C) resulted in the larger areas of chloroplasts and grana. These changes indicated starting cold-induced injuries manifested in swelling of the stroma and a slight decrease in the total number of thylakoids in the chloroplast. In contrast, transgenic plants responded to cold by reducing the chloroplast, granal, and plastoglobule areas. Meantime, the number of thylakoids per granum increased noticeably. The total number of thylakoids in the chloroplast increased from 123 to 203. It was concluded that expression of the acyl-lipid Δ9-desaturase gene in tobacco plants provided for the formation of the cell ultrastructure similar to one characteristic of cold-tolerant plants.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 20, 2007

References

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