Chitin and Chitosan: Structure, Properties and Applications in Biomedical Engineering

Chitin and Chitosan: Structure, Properties and Applications in Biomedical Engineering Chitin and its deacetylated derivative chitosan are natural polymers composed of randomly distributed β-(1-4)-linked d-glucosamine (deacetylated unit) and N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (acetylated unit). Biopolymers like chitin and chitosan exhibit diverse properties that open up a wide-ranging of applications in various sectors especially in biomedical science. The latest advances in the biomedical research are important emerging trends that hold a great promise in wound-healing management products. Chitin and chitosan are considered as useful biocompatible materials to be used in a medical device to treat, augment or replace any tissue, organ, or function of the body. A body of recent studies suggests that chitosan and its derivatives are promising candidates for supporting materials in tissue engineering applications. This review article is mainly focused on the contemporary research on chitin and chitosan towards their applications in numerous biomedical fields namely tissue engineering, artificial kidney, skin, bone, cartilage, liver, nerve, tendon, wound-healing, burn treatment and some other useful purposes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Polymers and the Environment Springer Journals

Chitin and Chitosan: Structure, Properties and Applications in Biomedical Engineering

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Chemistry; Polymer Sciences; Environmental Chemistry; Materials Science, general; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
ISSN
1566-2543
eISSN
1572-8900
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10924-016-0865-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Chitin and its deacetylated derivative chitosan are natural polymers composed of randomly distributed β-(1-4)-linked d-glucosamine (deacetylated unit) and N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (acetylated unit). Biopolymers like chitin and chitosan exhibit diverse properties that open up a wide-ranging of applications in various sectors especially in biomedical science. The latest advances in the biomedical research are important emerging trends that hold a great promise in wound-healing management products. Chitin and chitosan are considered as useful biocompatible materials to be used in a medical device to treat, augment or replace any tissue, organ, or function of the body. A body of recent studies suggests that chitosan and its derivatives are promising candidates for supporting materials in tissue engineering applications. This review article is mainly focused on the contemporary research on chitin and chitosan towards their applications in numerous biomedical fields namely tissue engineering, artificial kidney, skin, bone, cartilage, liver, nerve, tendon, wound-healing, burn treatment and some other useful purposes.

Journal

Journal of Polymers and the EnvironmentSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 18, 2016

References

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