Children's acquisition of spatial knowledge from verbal descriptions

Children's acquisition of spatial knowledge from verbal descriptions In Experiment 1, groups of 6 and 7 year-old and of 8 and 9year-old children showed very accurate memory for literal spatial andnon-spatial information contained in descriptions of environments, butthey generally had difficulty making spatial inferences based on suchdescriptions. The first indications of inference-making ability wereshown by 8 and 9 year-olds on spatial inference and map placement tasksafter hearing descriptions incorporating a vantage-point perspective. InExperiment 2, map placement performance by 6 and 7 year-olds wasimproved by a brief intervention involving spatial terminology. Overall,the findings suggest that the construction of discourse-based images ofsmall-scale environments normally emerges around 8 or 9 years of age andis facilitated by viewer-centered vantage-point descriptions. Althoughcognitive resources such as working memory capability apparentlyconstrain this construction process, relevant information in the tasksetting can facilitate children's performance. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Spatial Cognition and Computation Springer Journals

Children's acquisition of spatial knowledge from verbal descriptions

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Psychology; Cognitive Psychology
ISSN
1387-5868
eISSN
1573-9252
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1011449932129
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In Experiment 1, groups of 6 and 7 year-old and of 8 and 9year-old children showed very accurate memory for literal spatial andnon-spatial information contained in descriptions of environments, butthey generally had difficulty making spatial inferences based on suchdescriptions. The first indications of inference-making ability wereshown by 8 and 9 year-olds on spatial inference and map placement tasksafter hearing descriptions incorporating a vantage-point perspective. InExperiment 2, map placement performance by 6 and 7 year-olds wasimproved by a brief intervention involving spatial terminology. Overall,the findings suggest that the construction of discourse-based images ofsmall-scale environments normally emerges around 8 or 9 years of age andis facilitated by viewer-centered vantage-point descriptions. Althoughcognitive resources such as working memory capability apparentlyconstrain this construction process, relevant information in the tasksetting can facilitate children's performance.

Journal

Spatial Cognition and ComputationSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 16, 2004

References

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