Childhood Maltreatment and Impulsivity:A Meta-Analysis and Recommendations for Future Study

Childhood Maltreatment and Impulsivity:A Meta-Analysis and Recommendations for Future Study Both childhood maltreatment and impulsivity have been implicated in a broad array of negative public health outcomes and have been much studied in relation to each other. Characterizing this relationship, and the processes underlying it, are important for informing intervention efforts targeting this association and its psychopathological sequelae. The current review presented a systematic meta-analysis of the empirical literature on childhood maltreatment and impulsivity. In all, 55 eligible studies were identified and included in this review. General support was found for a positive association between childhood maltreatment, including its specific subtypes, and general trait impulsivity, with pooled effect sizes ranging from small in the case of childhood sexual abuse (OR = 1.59 [95% CI = 1.38–1.84]) to medium-to-large in the case of childhood emotional abuse (OR = 3.10 [95% CI = 2.27–4.23]). Support for a relationship between childhood maltreatment and laboratory-based measures of impulsive behavior was generally lacking. The current findings must be interpreted with a degree of caution, given several methodological limitations characterizing much of the empirical literature. Recommendations for addressing these limitations and directions for future research are provided. . . . . Keywords Child abuse Child maltreatment Impulsivity Meta-analysis Neglect Introduction much less work has been http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology Springer Journals

Childhood Maltreatment and Impulsivity:A Meta-Analysis and Recommendations for Future Study

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Psychology; Child and School Psychology; Neurosciences; Public Health
ISSN
0091-0627
eISSN
1573-2835
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10802-018-0445-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Both childhood maltreatment and impulsivity have been implicated in a broad array of negative public health outcomes and have been much studied in relation to each other. Characterizing this relationship, and the processes underlying it, are important for informing intervention efforts targeting this association and its psychopathological sequelae. The current review presented a systematic meta-analysis of the empirical literature on childhood maltreatment and impulsivity. In all, 55 eligible studies were identified and included in this review. General support was found for a positive association between childhood maltreatment, including its specific subtypes, and general trait impulsivity, with pooled effect sizes ranging from small in the case of childhood sexual abuse (OR = 1.59 [95% CI = 1.38–1.84]) to medium-to-large in the case of childhood emotional abuse (OR = 3.10 [95% CI = 2.27–4.23]). Support for a relationship between childhood maltreatment and laboratory-based measures of impulsive behavior was generally lacking. The current findings must be interpreted with a degree of caution, given several methodological limitations characterizing much of the empirical literature. Recommendations for addressing these limitations and directions for future research are provided. . . . . Keywords Child abuse Child maltreatment Impulsivity Meta-analysis Neglect Introduction much less work has been

Journal

Journal of Abnormal Child PsychologySpringer Journals

Published: May 30, 2018

References

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