Curr Pediatr Rep (2017) 5:118–131 DOI 10.1007/s40124-017-0134-7 OBESITY (S ARMSTRONG AND A PATEL, SECTION EDITORS) Childcare in Infancy and Later Obesity: a Narrative Review of Longitudinal Studies 1 1 2 1,2 Silvia Costa & Jean Adams & Sarah Gonzalez-Nahm & Sara E Benjamin Neelon Published online: 15 June 2017 The Author(s) 2017. This article is an open access publication Abstract Introduction Purpose of Review The purpose of this review was to summa- rize the current literature on the longitudinal relationship be- High rates of childhood obesity are a worldwide concern . tween non-parental childcare during infancy and later obesity. Infancy has been repeatedly highlighted as a critical or sensi- Recent Findings Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria, tive period in post-natal life for the development and preven- comprising 74 associations relevant to the review. Studies tion of obesity [2–4]. Obesity and rapid weight gain during were highly heterogeneous in terms of defining childcare, cat- infancy are significantly associated with increased risk of obe- egorizing different types of childcare, assessing obesity, and sity, type II diabetes, and hypertension during both childhood age at measurement of outcome and exposure. Most of the and adulthood [2, 4, 5]. Several individual (e.g., sex,
Current Pediatrics Reports – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 15, 2017
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