Chemists of St. Petersburg and Development of Science and Technology in Russia

Chemists of St. Petersburg and Development of Science and Technology in Russia Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, Vol. 76, No. 5, 2003, pp. 677 688. Translated from Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, Vol. 76, No. 5, 2003, pp. 705 715. Original Russian Text Copyright 2003 by Morachevskii, Shpak. 300th ANNIVERSARY OF ST. PETERSBURG Studying chemistry has two goals: progress of natural science and improvement of the well-being. M. V. Lomonosov Chemists of St. Petersburg and Development of Science and Technology in Russia A. G. Morachevskii and V. S. Shpak St. Petersburg was founded by Peter the Great on famous mosaics, and glasses with different refractive May 16(27), 1703, in the marshy delta of the Neva indices are outstanding. A glass factory was built by River on a small island Ennisaari (Zayachii). Having his design near St. Petersburg (1752). In 1752 1754, chosen this place close to an exit to open sea, for Lomonosov delivered the first world’s course of lec- which he strove so much, Peter the Great laid there tures on physical chemistry to students of the Acad- foundation of a fortress. The victory over Swedes in emy University. After Lomonosov’s death, the Acad- the Poltava battle (1709) strengthened the positions of emy University started to die away and Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Chemists of St. Petersburg and Development of Science and Technology in Russia

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Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2003 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Chemistry; Chemistry/Food Science, general
Publisher site
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