Chemiluminescence immunoassay for cardiac troponin T by using silver nanoparticles functionalized with hemin/G-quadruplex DNAzyme on a glass chip array

Chemiluminescence immunoassay for cardiac troponin T by using silver nanoparticles functionalized... The authors describe an array for chemiluminescence (CL) based determination of cardiac troponin T (cTnT), an important cardiovascular disease marker. The tracing tag consists of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) loaded with guanine-rich DNA sequences and detection antibody in a high numerical ratio. The loaded AgNPs were then reacted with hemin to form a hemin/G-quadruplex DNAzyme. A disposable immunosensor array was fabricated by immobilizing capture antibody on corresponding sensing sites on a glass chip. Once a sandwich immunocomplex is formed on the array, the tracing tag catalyzes the CL reaction of the luminol-p-iodophenol and H2O2 system to produce a CL signal, which is collected by a CCD camera. An intuitive CL image is obtained containing all of the spots on the array. Under optimal conditions, the method shows a wide linear range over 4 orders of magnitude (from 0.003 to 270 ng·L−1), a detection limit down to 84 fg·L−1, and a throughput as high as 44 tests·h−1. The results obtained with serum samples are in acceptable agreement with reference values. The AgNP-based tracing tag as well as the immunoassay method shows a promising potential for point-of-care testing for the early clinical diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Microchimica Acta Springer Journals

Chemiluminescence immunoassay for cardiac troponin T by using silver nanoparticles functionalized with hemin/G-quadruplex DNAzyme on a glass chip array

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Wien
Subject
Chemistry; Nanochemistry; Nanotechnology; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Analytical Chemistry; Microengineering
ISSN
0026-3672
eISSN
1436-5073
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00604-017-2331-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The authors describe an array for chemiluminescence (CL) based determination of cardiac troponin T (cTnT), an important cardiovascular disease marker. The tracing tag consists of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) loaded with guanine-rich DNA sequences and detection antibody in a high numerical ratio. The loaded AgNPs were then reacted with hemin to form a hemin/G-quadruplex DNAzyme. A disposable immunosensor array was fabricated by immobilizing capture antibody on corresponding sensing sites on a glass chip. Once a sandwich immunocomplex is formed on the array, the tracing tag catalyzes the CL reaction of the luminol-p-iodophenol and H2O2 system to produce a CL signal, which is collected by a CCD camera. An intuitive CL image is obtained containing all of the spots on the array. Under optimal conditions, the method shows a wide linear range over 4 orders of magnitude (from 0.003 to 270 ng·L−1), a detection limit down to 84 fg·L−1, and a throughput as high as 44 tests·h−1. The results obtained with serum samples are in acceptable agreement with reference values. The AgNP-based tracing tag as well as the immunoassay method shows a promising potential for point-of-care testing for the early clinical diagnosis of cardiovascular disease.

Journal

Microchimica ActaSpringer Journals

Published: May 24, 2017

References

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