Despite great potential for disease treatment, small interfering RNA (siRNA) development has been hampered due to its poor stability and the lack of efficient delivery method. To overcome the sensitivity, new generations of chemically modified oligonucleotides have been developed such as the locked nucleic acid (LNA). LNA substitution in an siRNA sequence (siLNA) is supposed to increase its stability and its affinity for its complementary sequence. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential benefit of an anti-GFP siLNA using the biophysical delivery method electropermeabilization. We used two types of electrical conditions: electrochemotherapy (ECT), a condition for efficient transfer of small molecules in clinics, and electrogenotherapy (EGT), a condition for efficient transfer of macromolecules. We first confirmed that siLNA was indeed more stable in mouse serum than unmodified siRNA. After determining the ECT and EGT optimal electrical parameters for a human colorectal carcinoma cell line (HCT-116) expressing eGFP, we showed that modifications of siRNA do not interfere with electrotransfer efficiency. However, despite its higher stability and its high electrotransfer efficacy, siLNA was less efficient for eGFP silencing compared to the electrotransferred, unmodified siRNA regardless of the electrical conditions used. Our study highlighted the care that is needed when designing chemically modified oligonucleotides.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 15, 2012
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