Chemical Gating of Heteromeric and Heterotypic Gap Junction Channels

Chemical Gating of Heteromeric and Heterotypic Gap Junction Channels Gap junction channels contain two hemichannels (connexons), each being a connexin (Cx) hexamer. In cells expressing multiple connexins, heteromeric connexons are believed to form, whereas cell pairs expressing different connexins generate heterotypic channels. To define gating behavior of heteromeric and heterotypic channels, CO2-induced gating was tested in Xenopus oocyte pairs expressing Cx32, or 5R/N (Cx32 mutant), as well as in pairs in which one oocyte (mx) expressed a 50/50 mixture of Cx32 and 5R/N and the other either the mixture (mx), Cx32 (32) or 5R/N (R/N). In 5R/N, replacement of 5 C-terminus arginines with asparagines greatly increased CO2 sensitivity. In response to 3 and 15 min CO2 exposures, junctional conductance (G j ) decreased to 85% and 47%, in 32–32 pairs, and to 7% and 0.9%, in R/N-R/N pairs, respectively. In mx-mx and mix-32 pairs, G j decreased to similar values (33% and 35%, respectively) with 15 min CO2. The sensitivity of mx-R/N pairs was similar to that of heterotypic 32-R/N pairs, as G j dropped to 36% and 38%, respectively, with 3 min CO2. Monoheteromeric (mx-32 and mx-R/N) and biheteromeric (mx-mx) channels behaved as if Cx32 were dominant, suggesting that hemichannel sensitivity is not an average of the sensitivities of its connexin monomers. In contrast, heterotypic channels behaved as if the two hemichannels of a cell-cell channel had no influence on each other. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Chemical Gating of Heteromeric and Heterotypic Gap Junction Channels

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/chemical-gating-of-heteromeric-and-heterotypic-gap-junction-channels-N6ScgWEFB7
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1998 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900354
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial