Chemical acetylation of nixtamalized maize flour and structural, rheological and physicochemical properties of flour, dough and tortillas

Chemical acetylation of nixtamalized maize flour and structural, rheological and physicochemical... Nixtamalized maize tortilla is a basic food for the Mexican population. It has high energy due to high starch, which may be modified to decrease its bioavailability and to produce changes in the characteristics of flours. For this research, nixtamalized maize flour was prepared and subjected to an acetylation chemical process, with and without prior hydrolysis. Raw maize flour, traditionally nixtamalized maize flour, acetylated-nixtamalized maize flour (AF) and acetylated-hydrolyzed nixtamalized maize flour (AHF) were prepared and evaluated. These flours were used for dough and tortilla preparation and analyzed for degree of substitution (DS), physicochemical properties, structure, thermal, rheological, morphological and texture properties. FTIR spectra and DS showed the presence of acetyl groups. AHF showed the highest value for water absorption index. The resistant starch increased 0.27 and 0.42% for AF and AHF samples. The gelatinization enthalpy (∆Hg) for AF was greater than other flours. AF tortillas showed better characteristics than the traditional ones and their consumption was recommended since showed better RS. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Food Science and Technology Springer Journals

Chemical acetylation of nixtamalized maize flour and structural, rheological and physicochemical properties of flour, dough and tortillas

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/chemical-acetylation-of-nixtamalized-maize-flour-and-structural-d7AFaerFlM
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India)
Subject
Chemistry; Food Science; Nutrition; Chemistry/Food Science, general
ISSN
0022-1155
eISSN
0975-8402
D.O.I.
10.1007/s13197-017-3021-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Nixtamalized maize tortilla is a basic food for the Mexican population. It has high energy due to high starch, which may be modified to decrease its bioavailability and to produce changes in the characteristics of flours. For this research, nixtamalized maize flour was prepared and subjected to an acetylation chemical process, with and without prior hydrolysis. Raw maize flour, traditionally nixtamalized maize flour, acetylated-nixtamalized maize flour (AF) and acetylated-hydrolyzed nixtamalized maize flour (AHF) were prepared and evaluated. These flours were used for dough and tortilla preparation and analyzed for degree of substitution (DS), physicochemical properties, structure, thermal, rheological, morphological and texture properties. FTIR spectra and DS showed the presence of acetyl groups. AHF showed the highest value for water absorption index. The resistant starch increased 0.27 and 0.42% for AF and AHF samples. The gelatinization enthalpy (∆Hg) for AF was greater than other flours. AF tortillas showed better characteristics than the traditional ones and their consumption was recommended since showed better RS.

Journal

Journal of Food Science and TechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 11, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off