Chekryshkin, Yu.S., Rozdyalovskaya, T.A., and Fedorov, A.A., Gomogenno-kataliticheskoe glubokoe okislenie galogensoderzhashchikh organicheskikh veshchestv na rasplavakh elektrolitov (Deep homogeneous-catalytic oxidation of halogen-containing organic substances in electrolyte melts), Yekaterinburg: Ural’sk. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2005, 124 pp.

Chekryshkin, Yu.S., Rozdyalovskaya, T.A., and Fedorov, A.A., Gomogenno-kataliticheskoe glubokoe... ISSN 1070-4272, Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2006, Vol. 79, No. 2, p. 344. Pleiades Publishing, Inc., 2006. Original Russian Text A. G. Morachevskii, 2006, published in Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, 2006, Vol. 79, No. 2, p. 345. BOOK REVIEWS Chekryshkin, Yu.S., Rozdyalovskaya, T.A., and Fedorov, A.A., Gomogenno-kataliticheskoe glubokoe okislenie galogensoderzhashchikh organicheskikh veshchestv na rasplavakh elektrolitov (Deep Homogeneous-Catalytic Oxidation of Halogen-containing Organic Substances in Electrolyte Melts), Yekaterinburg: Ural’sk. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2005, 124 pp. DOI: 10.1134/S107042720602039X In the brief preface (p. 3), the editor of the book, The second chapter (pp. 28 79) considers specific V.V. Lunin, Academician of the Russian Academy of features of the use of molten oxides and salts as cata- Sciences, noted that it is the most appropriate, from lysts for oxidation processes. Particular attention is given to molten formulations containing vanadium(V) both the economical and ecological standpoints, to use oxide and to deep oxidation of halogen-containing or- methods of catalytic hydration and catalytic oxidation ganic substances with catalysts of this kind. The reac- in solving the problem of detoxication of halogen- tion of oxidative destruction of halohydrocarbons is containing waste. In this case, molten formulations initiated by oxygen activated directly by V O or by containing salts of alkali metals and oxides of some 2 5 bronzes formed in interaction between V O with other metals with variable degree of oxidation have 2 5 the starting components of the catalysts (chlorides and important advantages over solid catalysts. Physico- carbonates of alkali metals). chemical characteristics of such melts allow their use in catalytic burning of organic wastes of varied com- The third chapter (pp. 80 104) presents the results position and aggregative state. The monograph by of a study of reactions in systems constituted by sod- Chekryshkin and co-authors presents the results of ium chloride, oxides of metals with a variable degree many years’ investigations in the field of application of oxidation (V, Cr, Mn, Co, Cu, Mo, Sb), and oxy- of molten catalysts, which were mostly performed at gen. In the presence of oxygen in the reaction medium, the Institute of Technical Chemistry, Ural Division, metal oxides act as catalysts for oxidation of chlorine Russian Academy of Sciences, (Perm) and at Perm atomd by oxygen. A small fourth chapter (pp. 105 State Technical University. 108) considers particular examples of catalytic oxida- tion of a number of complex composites (rubbers, poly- The book comprises an introduction, four chapters, mers, pesticides, etc.) with the use of molten catalysts. conclusion, and bibliographic list. The introduction The main results obtained in studying the use of mol- (pp. 4 7) notes that the development of ecologically ten catalysts for deep oxidation of organic substances safe methods for deactivation of halogen-containing of various compositions and densities are summarized wastes is necessitated by their high toxicity and pos- in the conclusion (pp. 109 111). The bibliographic sibility of their transformation into highly stable di- list contains 263 references to works of domestic and oxins. The first chapter (pp. 8 27) contains general foreign authors, mostly published in the last 10 years. evidence about methods for utilization, detoxication, The monograph by Yu.S. Chekryshkin, T.A. Roz- and elimination of halogen-containing organic sub- dyalovskaya, and A.A. Fedorov reflects the contribu- stances. The authors rightfully note that the wide di- tion made by the authors and by the scientific schools versity of wastes in composition, amount, and terri- they represent to the solution of the important eco- torial distribution makes impossible any versatile tech- nomical and ecological problem, utilization of tech- nology of their detoxication. Each of the techniques nological and other wastes of complex organic sub- considered in this chapter has its own disadvantages stances. The book is distinguished by originality of and limitations. In the authors’ opinion, the method formulation of the problem to be solved. It is of inter- of deep catalytic oxidation with the use of metal and est for researchers and engineers concerned with prob- salt oxides is to be considered an ecologically, eco- lems of ecologically and technologically safe elimina- nomically, and technologically acceptable detoxication tion of organic substances of widely diverse origin. technique in the case of comparatively small amounts of highly toxic wastes of complex composition. A. G. Morachevskii http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Chekryshkin, Yu.S., Rozdyalovskaya, T.A., and Fedorov, A.A., Gomogenno-kataliticheskoe glubokoe okislenie galogensoderzhashchikh organicheskikh veshchestv na rasplavakh elektrolitov (Deep homogeneous-catalytic oxidation of halogen-containing organic substances in electrolyte melts), Yekaterinburg: Ural’sk. Otd. Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2005, 124 pp.

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Publisher
Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Chemistry; Chemistry/Food Science, general; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
ISSN
1070-4272
eISSN
1608-3296
D.O.I.
10.1134/S107042720602039X
Publisher site
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