Charge versus sequence for nuclear/nucleolar localization of plant ribosomal proteins

Charge versus sequence for nuclear/nucleolar localization of plant ribosomal proteins Ribosomal subunit assembly in the nucleolus is dependent on efficient targeting of ribosomal proteins (RPs) from the cytoplasm into the nucleus and nucleolus. Nuclear/nucleolar localization of a protein is generally mediated by one or more specific stretches of basic amino acids—nuclear/nucleolar localization signals (NLSs/NoLSs). Arabidopsis thaliana RPL23aA has eight putative NLSs/NoLSs (pNLSs/NoLSs). Here we mutated all eight NLS/NoLSs individually and in groups and showed, via transient expression in tobacco cells that nucleolar localization of RPL23aA was disrupted by mutation of various combinations of five or more pNLSs/NoLSs. Mutation of all eight pNLSs/NoLSs, a 50 % reduction in total basic charge of RPL23aA, resulted in a complete disruption of nucleolar localization, however, the protein can still localize to the nucleus. As no individual or specific combination of NoLSs was absolutely required for nucleolar localization, we suggest that nucleolar localization/retention of RPL23aA is dependent on the overall basic charge. In addition to the optimal basic charge conferred by these NoLSs, nucleolar localization/retention of RPL23aA also required a C-terminal putative 26S rRNA binding site. In contrast, in the RPs RPS8A and RPL15A, mutation of just two and three N-terminal pNLSs, respectively, disrupted both nuclear and nucleolar localization of these two RPs, indicating differential signal requirements for nuclear and nucleolar localization of the three Arabidopsis RPs RPL23aA, RPL15A and RPS8A. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Charge versus sequence for nuclear/nucleolar localization of plant ribosomal proteins

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/charge-versus-sequence-for-nuclear-nucleolar-localization-of-plant-tkhwhACzFi
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-013-0017-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Ribosomal subunit assembly in the nucleolus is dependent on efficient targeting of ribosomal proteins (RPs) from the cytoplasm into the nucleus and nucleolus. Nuclear/nucleolar localization of a protein is generally mediated by one or more specific stretches of basic amino acids—nuclear/nucleolar localization signals (NLSs/NoLSs). Arabidopsis thaliana RPL23aA has eight putative NLSs/NoLSs (pNLSs/NoLSs). Here we mutated all eight NLS/NoLSs individually and in groups and showed, via transient expression in tobacco cells that nucleolar localization of RPL23aA was disrupted by mutation of various combinations of five or more pNLSs/NoLSs. Mutation of all eight pNLSs/NoLSs, a 50 % reduction in total basic charge of RPL23aA, resulted in a complete disruption of nucleolar localization, however, the protein can still localize to the nucleus. As no individual or specific combination of NoLSs was absolutely required for nucleolar localization, we suggest that nucleolar localization/retention of RPL23aA is dependent on the overall basic charge. In addition to the optimal basic charge conferred by these NoLSs, nucleolar localization/retention of RPL23aA also required a C-terminal putative 26S rRNA binding site. In contrast, in the RPs RPS8A and RPL15A, mutation of just two and three N-terminal pNLSs, respectively, disrupted both nuclear and nucleolar localization of these two RPs, indicating differential signal requirements for nuclear and nucleolar localization of the three Arabidopsis RPs RPL23aA, RPL15A and RPS8A.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 29, 2013

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off