Characterization of the Stretch-activated Chloride Channel in Isolated Human Atrial Myocytes

Characterization of the Stretch-activated Chloride Channel in Isolated Human Atrial Myocytes Macroscopic and unitary currents through stretch-activated Cl− channels were examined in isolated human atrial myocytes using whole-cell, excised outside-out and inside-out configurations of the patch-clamp technique. When K+ and Ca2+ conductances were blocked and the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+] i ) was reduced, application of positive pressure via the pipette activated membrane currents under whole-cell voltage-clamp conditions. The reversal potential of the current shifted by 60 mV per 10-fold change in the external Cl− concentration, indicating that the current was Cl− selective. The current was inhibited by bath application of 4,4′-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic acid (DIDS) and 9-anthracenecarboxylic acid (9-AC). β-Adrenergic stimulation failed to activate a Cl− current. In single channel recordings from outside-out patches, positive pressure in the pipette activated the unitary current with half-maximal activation of 14.7 mm Hg at +40 mV. The current-voltage relationship of single channel activity obtained in inside-out patches was linear in symmetrical Cl− solution with the averaged slope conductance of 8.6 ± 0.7 pS (mean ±sd, n= 10). The reversal potential shift of the channel by changing Cl− concentration was consistent with a Cl− selective channel. The open time distribution was best described by a single exponential function with mean open lifetime of 80.4 ± 9.6 msec (n= 9), while at least two exponentials were required to fit the closed time distributions with a time constant for the fast component of 11.5 ± 2.2 msec (n= 9) and that for the slow component of 170.2 ± 21.8 msec (n= 9). Major changes in the single channel activity in response to pressure were caused by changes in the interburst interval. Single channel activity was inhibited by DIDS and 9-AC in a manner similar to whole-cell configuration. These results suggest that membrane stretch induced by applying pressure via the pipette activated a Cl− current in human atrial myocytes. The current was sensitive to Cl− channel blockers and exhibited membrane voltage-independent bursting opening without sensitive to β-adrenergic stimulation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Characterization of the Stretch-activated Chloride Channel in Isolated Human Atrial Myocytes

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/characterization-of-the-stretch-activated-chloride-channel-in-isolated-E6QGgcNzWY
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1998 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900371
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial