Characterization of the Erythrocyte Sodium-Lithium Countertransporter: Limitations and Assumptions of Traditional and Kinetic Methodologies

Characterization of the Erythrocyte Sodium-Lithium Countertransporter: Limitations and... The present work examined the key elements featuring in the various methods used to characterize the erythrocyte sodium-lithium countertransport. Effects of medium composition on lithium efflux were investigated in 20 subjects. Mean lithium efflux (mmol Li/l RBC.h) into a 150 mm sodium medium was significantly higher than efflux into a revised sodium-rich medium (149 mm) containing 1 mm Mg (0.335 ± 0.100 vs. 0.298 ± 0.085 respectively; P < 0.03). Mean lithium efflux into sodium-free media where sodium had been entirely replaced by magnesium, was significantly lower than efflux into a choline-based medium containing only 1 mm magnesium (0.088 ± 0.027 vs. 0.109 ± 0.034 respectively; P= 0.03). Sodium-lithium countertransport activity and the transporter's kinetic profile were measured simultaneously in 35 subjects using traditional choline-based and kinetic methodologies. There was a significant correlation between countertransport activity and maximal rate of turnover (V max) (r= 0.62; P < 0.001); V max values were consistently greater than their corresponding countertransport activities (P < 0.001). On subdividing the subject group into tertiles based on the Michaelis-Menten constant (k m ) values (mm), <75, 75 − 150 and >150, the slopes of the regression lines for each group diminished progressively (0.64, 0.49 and 0.23 respectively), correlations within each group remained significant (P < 0.001, P < 0.001 and P < 0.02). No significant correlation was found between k m values and countertransport activity (r= 0.035; P=ns). The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Characterization of the Erythrocyte Sodium-Lithium Countertransporter: Limitations and Assumptions of Traditional and Kinetic Methodologies

Loading next page...
Copyright © Inc. by 1998 Springer-Verlag New York
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial