The mature, functional sieve tube, which forms the conduit for assimilate distribution in higher plants, is dependent upon protein import from the companion cells for maintenance of the phloem long-distance translocation system. Using antibodies raised against proteins present in the sieve-tube exudate of Ricinus communis (castor bean) seedlings, a cDNA was cloned which encoded a putative profilin, termed RcPRO1. Expression and localization studies indicated that RcPRO1 mRNA encodes a phloem profilin, with some expression occurring in epidermal, cortex, pith and xylem tissue. Purified, recombinant RcPRO1 was functionally equivalent to recombinant maize profilin ZmPRO4 in a live cell nuclear displacement assay. The apparent equilibrium dissociation constant for RcPRO1 binding to plant monomeric (G-)actin was lower than the previously characterized maize profilins. Moreover, the affinity of RcPRO1 for poly-L-proline (PLP) was significantly higher than that for recombinant maize profilins. Within the sieve-tube exudate, profilin was present in 15-fold molar excess to actin. The data suggest that actin filament formation is prevented within the assimilate stream. These results are discussed in terms of the unique physiology of the phloem.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera