Characterization of NS3 protease from an Egyptian HCV genotype 4a isolate

Characterization of NS3 protease from an Egyptian HCV genotype 4a isolate The role of the NS3 protease in HCV replication was demonstrated by the ability of a protease inhibitor cocktail (10 μg/ml) to abolish the induced cytopathic effect in RAW macrophages upon infection with Egyptian sera. The HCV protease gene was amplified from Egyptian sera by nested PCR and cloned downstream of the CMV promotor in a mammalian expression plasmid, which was then used to transform bacteria. Colonies carrying the gene in the correct orientation were subjected to large-scale plasmid purification followed by sequencing. Phylogenetic comparison of the sequence obtained with published sequences from different genotypes confirmed that our sequence belongs to genotype 4a. Of the other genotypes, the most closely related ones were from genotype 1. Multiple alignments of protease peptides showed that the catalytic triads and binding residues for substrate, Zn2+ and the NS4 cofactor are conserved among different isolates, including ours, and confirmed the closer homology between NS3 of genotypes 4 and 1. The HCV-protease-encoding construct was successfully transcribed in both mammalian cells and mice. Mouse antibodies produced against the protease-encoding-construct detected the 18-kDa enzyme in lysates of cells transfected with the construct by Western blotting, and in the media of infected cells by ELISA. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-009-0500-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The role of the NS3 protease in HCV replication was demonstrated by the ability of a protease inhibitor cocktail (10 μg/ml) to abolish the induced cytopathic effect in RAW macrophages upon infection with Egyptian sera. The HCV protease gene was amplified from Egyptian sera by nested PCR and cloned downstream of the CMV promotor in a mammalian expression plasmid, which was then used to transform bacteria. Colonies carrying the gene in the correct orientation were subjected to large-scale plasmid purification followed by sequencing. Phylogenetic comparison of the sequence obtained with published sequences from different genotypes confirmed that our sequence belongs to genotype 4a. Of the other genotypes, the most closely related ones were from genotype 1. Multiple alignments of protease peptides showed that the catalytic triads and binding residues for substrate, Zn2+ and the NS4 cofactor are conserved among different isolates, including ours, and confirmed the closer homology between NS3 of genotypes 4 and 1. The HCV-protease-encoding construct was successfully transcribed in both mammalian cells and mice. Mouse antibodies produced against the protease-encoding-construct detected the 18-kDa enzyme in lysates of cells transfected with the construct by Western blotting, and in the media of infected cells by ELISA.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 1, 2009

References

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