Characterization of Na+-Coupled Glutamate/Aspartate Transport by a Rat Brain Astrocyte Line Expressing GLAST and EAAC1

Characterization of Na+-Coupled Glutamate/Aspartate Transport by a Rat Brain Astrocyte Line... d-Aspartate (d-Asp) uptake by suspensions of cerebral rat brain astrocytes (RBA) maintained in long-term culture was studied as a means of characterizing function and regulation of Glutamate/Aspartate (Glu/Asp) transporter isoforms in the cells. d-Asp influx is Na+-dependent with K m = 5 μm and V max= 0.7 nmoles · min−1· mg protein−1. Influx is sigmoidal as f[Na+] with Na+ K m ∼ 12 μm and Hill coefficient of 1.9. The cells establish steady-state d-Asp gradients >3,000-fold. Phorbol ester (PMA) enhances uptake, and gradients near 6,000-fold are achieved due to a 2-fold increase in V max, with no change in K m . At initial [d-Asp] = 10 μm, RBA take up more than 90% of total d-Asp, and extracellular levels are reduced to levels below 1 μm. Ionophores that dissipate the ΔμNa+ inhibit gradient formation. Genistein (GEN, 100 μm), a PTK inhibitor, causes a 40% decrease in d-Asp. Inactive analogs of PMA (4α-PMA) and GEN (daidzein) have no detectable effect, although the stimulatory PMA response still occurs when GEN is present. Further specificity of action is indicated by the fact that PMA has no effect on Na+-coupled ALA uptake, but GEN is stimulatory. d-Asp uptake is strongly inhibited by serine-O-sulfate (S-O-S), threohydroxy-aspartate (THA), l-Asp, and l-Glu, but not by d-Glu, kainic acid (KA), or dihydrokainate (DHK), an inhibition pattern characteristic of GLAST and EAAC1 transporter isoforms. mRNA for both isoforms was detected by RT-PCR, and Western blotting with appropriate antibodies shows that both proteins are expressed in these cells. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Characterization of Na+-Coupled Glutamate/Aspartate Transport by a Rat Brain Astrocyte Line Expressing GLAST and EAAC1

Loading next page...
Copyright © Inc. by 2001 Springer-Verlag New York
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial