Characterization of fibroblasts from hypertrophied right ventricle of pulmonary hypertensive rats

Characterization of fibroblasts from hypertrophied right ventricle of pulmonary hypertensive rats Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which is characterized by an elevation of pulmonary arterial resistance, leads to a lethal right heart failure. It is an urgent issue to clarify the pathogenesis of PAH-induced right heart failure. The present study aimed to elucidate the characteristics of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) isolated from hypertrophied right ventricles of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH model rats. CFs were isolated from the right ventricles of MCT-injected rats (MCT-CFs) and saline-injected control rats (CONT-CFs). Expression of α-smooth muscle actin and collagen type I in MCT-CFs was lower than that in CONT-CFs. On the other hand, proliferation, migration, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 production were significantly enhanced in MCT-CFs. In MCT-CFs, phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMK) II was significantly enhanced. In addition to mRNA expression of Orai1, a Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ channel, and stromal interaction molecules (STIM) 1, an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ sensor, the associated store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) was significantly higher in MCT-CFs than CONT-CFs. Pharmacological inhibition of ERK1/2 pathway prevented the enhanced proliferation of MCT-CFs. The enhanced migration of MCT-CFs was prevented by a pharmacological inhibition of ERK1/2, JNK, CaMKII, or SOCE pathway. The enhanced MMP-9 production in MCT-CFs was prevented by a pharmacological inhibition of ERK1/2, CaMKII, or SOCE pathway but not JNK. The present results suggested that MCT-CFs exhibit proliferative and migratory phenotypes perhaps through multiple signaling pathways. This study for the first time determined the characteristics of CFs isolated from hypertrophied right ventricles of MCT-induced PAH model rats. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiologyl of Physiology Springer Journals

Characterization of fibroblasts from hypertrophied right ventricle of pulmonary hypertensive rats

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Physiology; Molecular Medicine; Neurosciences; Cell Biology; Receptors
ISSN
0031-6768
eISSN
1432-2013
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00424-018-2158-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which is characterized by an elevation of pulmonary arterial resistance, leads to a lethal right heart failure. It is an urgent issue to clarify the pathogenesis of PAH-induced right heart failure. The present study aimed to elucidate the characteristics of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) isolated from hypertrophied right ventricles of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH model rats. CFs were isolated from the right ventricles of MCT-injected rats (MCT-CFs) and saline-injected control rats (CONT-CFs). Expression of α-smooth muscle actin and collagen type I in MCT-CFs was lower than that in CONT-CFs. On the other hand, proliferation, migration, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 production were significantly enhanced in MCT-CFs. In MCT-CFs, phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMK) II was significantly enhanced. In addition to mRNA expression of Orai1, a Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ channel, and stromal interaction molecules (STIM) 1, an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ sensor, the associated store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) was significantly higher in MCT-CFs than CONT-CFs. Pharmacological inhibition of ERK1/2 pathway prevented the enhanced proliferation of MCT-CFs. The enhanced migration of MCT-CFs was prevented by a pharmacological inhibition of ERK1/2, JNK, CaMKII, or SOCE pathway. The enhanced MMP-9 production in MCT-CFs was prevented by a pharmacological inhibition of ERK1/2, CaMKII, or SOCE pathway but not JNK. The present results suggested that MCT-CFs exhibit proliferative and migratory phenotypes perhaps through multiple signaling pathways. This study for the first time determined the characteristics of CFs isolated from hypertrophied right ventricles of MCT-induced PAH model rats.

Journal

Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiologyl of PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 2, 2018

References

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