Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), which is characterized by an elevation of pulmonary arterial resistance, leads to a lethal right heart failure. It is an urgent issue to clarify the pathogenesis of PAH-induced right heart failure. The present study aimed to elucidate the characteristics of cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) isolated from hypertrophied right ventricles of monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH model rats. CFs were isolated from the right ventricles of MCT-injected rats (MCT-CFs) and saline-injected control rats (CONT-CFs). Expression of α-smooth muscle actin and collagen type I in MCT-CFs was lower than that in CONT-CFs. On the other hand, proliferation, migration, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 production were significantly enhanced in MCT-CFs. In MCT-CFs, phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase (CaMK) II was significantly enhanced. In addition to mRNA expression of Orai1, a Ca2+ release-activated Ca2+ channel, and stromal interaction molecules (STIM) 1, an endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ sensor, the associated store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) was significantly higher in MCT-CFs than CONT-CFs. Pharmacological inhibition of ERK1/2 pathway prevented the enhanced proliferation of MCT-CFs. The enhanced migration of MCT-CFs was prevented by a pharmacological inhibition of ERK1/2, JNK, CaMKII, or SOCE pathway. The enhanced MMP-9 production in MCT-CFs was prevented by a pharmacological inhibition of ERK1/2, CaMKII, or SOCE pathway but not JNK. The present results suggested that MCT-CFs exhibit proliferative and migratory phenotypes perhaps through multiple signaling pathways. This study for the first time determined the characteristics of CFs isolated from hypertrophied right ventricles of MCT-induced PAH model rats.
Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiologyl of Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 2, 2018
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