CuInGeSe4 thin films of various thicknesses were prepared on a glass substrate by thermal evaporation followed by selenization at 700 K. Energy dispersive X-ray analysis shows that the CuInGeSe4 thin films are near stoichiometric. The X-ray diffraction patterns indicate that the as-deposited CuInGeSe4 thin films are amorphous, while the CuInGeSe4 thin films annealed at 700 K are polycrystalline with the chalcopyrite phase. The structure of the films was further investigated by transmission electron microscopy and diffraction, with the results verifying the X-ray diffraction data. High-resolution scanning electron microscopy images show well-defined grains that are nearly similar in size. The surface roughness increases with film thickness, as confirmed by atomic force microscopy. The optical transmission and reflection spectra of the CuInGeSe4 thin films were recorded over the wavelength range of 400–2500 nm. The variation of the optical parameters of the CuInGeSe4 thin films, such as the refractive index n and the optical band gap E g , as a function of the film thickness was determined. The value of E g decreases with increasing film thickness. For the studied films, n were estimated from the Swanoepl’s method and were found to increase with increasing film thickness as well as follow the two-term Cauchy dispersion relation. A heterojunction with the configuration Al/n–Si/p–CuInGeSe4/Au was fabricated. The built-in voltage and the carrier concentration of the heterojunction was determined from the capacitance–voltage measurements at 1 MHz and were found to be 0.61 V and 3.72 × 1017 cm−3, respectively. Under 1000 W/m2 solar simulator illumination, the heterojunction achieved a conversion efficiency of 2.83%.
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics – Springer Journals
Published: May 29, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera