Characterization of carrot nuclear proteins that exhibit specific binding affinity towards conventional and non-conventional DNA methylation

Characterization of carrot nuclear proteins that exhibit specific binding affinity towards... DNA methylation is associated with transcriptional silencing in vertebrates and plants. In mammals, the effects of methylation are mediated by a family of methyl-CpG-binding proteins. In plants the mechanisms by which methylation represses transcription are still not clear. In this paper we describe protein factors in carrot nuclear extracts exhibiting specific affinities for conventional or non-conventional methylation acceptor sites. We characterized two classes of proteins: the first, dcMBP1 (Daucus carota methylated DNA-binding protein 1), shows high affinity for sequences containing 5-methylcytosine; the second, dcMBP2 (Daucus carota methylated DNA-binding protein 2), efficiently complexes sequences containing 5-methylcytosine in both CpXpX and CpXpG trinucleotides and shows much lower affinity for 5-methyl CpG dinucleotides. Both dcMBP1 and dcMBP2 are abundant proteins differing in molecular weight and binding features. Their activities are modulated during carrot vegetative cell growth and somatic embryo development. This is the first time that, in either plants or mammals, proteins exhibiting specific binding affinities for conventional or non-conventional DNA methylation have been shown. Based on these results, the possibility that both the extent and the context of the methylation might contribute to modulate gene expression is discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Characterization of carrot nuclear proteins that exhibit specific binding affinity towards conventional and non-conventional DNA methylation

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/characterization-of-carrot-nuclear-proteins-that-exhibit-specific-v7Pdq7onjn
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1026590323386
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

DNA methylation is associated with transcriptional silencing in vertebrates and plants. In mammals, the effects of methylation are mediated by a family of methyl-CpG-binding proteins. In plants the mechanisms by which methylation represses transcription are still not clear. In this paper we describe protein factors in carrot nuclear extracts exhibiting specific affinities for conventional or non-conventional methylation acceptor sites. We characterized two classes of proteins: the first, dcMBP1 (Daucus carota methylated DNA-binding protein 1), shows high affinity for sequences containing 5-methylcytosine; the second, dcMBP2 (Daucus carota methylated DNA-binding protein 2), efficiently complexes sequences containing 5-methylcytosine in both CpXpX and CpXpG trinucleotides and shows much lower affinity for 5-methyl CpG dinucleotides. Both dcMBP1 and dcMBP2 are abundant proteins differing in molecular weight and binding features. Their activities are modulated during carrot vegetative cell growth and somatic embryo development. This is the first time that, in either plants or mammals, proteins exhibiting specific binding affinities for conventional or non-conventional DNA methylation have been shown. Based on these results, the possibility that both the extent and the context of the methylation might contribute to modulate gene expression is discussed.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 16, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off