Characterization of antibody response to hepatitis C virus protein E2 and significance of hypervariable region 1-specific antibodies in viral neutralization

Characterization of antibody response to hepatitis C virus protein E2 and significance of... Antibodies directed against hypervariable region 1 (HVR1) within the viral glycoprotein E2 of hepatitis C virus (HCV) are postulated to neutralize virus. An in vitro infection/binding assay of human fibroblast cells was established in order to study neutralization of HCV. Occurrence of mutations in the nucleotide sequence of HVR1 as compared to the inoculum after infection of human fibroblasts suggested replication of HCV in these cells. The significance of HVR1-specific antibodies in sera of patients who were infected in a single-source outbreak by an HCV contaminated anti-D immunoglobulin (IgG) preparation was studied. Using immunoprecipitation and ELISA, HVR1-specific antibodies could be detected in most of the sera obtained early (? 1 year p.i.) and late (up to 14 years p.i.) in single patients. Further characterization of the HVR1-specific antibodies in patient sera by attachment studies of HCV to the human fibro-blasts suggested that HVR1-specific antibodies in sera obtained early p.i. can neutralize virus of the anti-D IgG preparation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Characterization of antibody response to hepatitis C virus protein E2 and significance of hypervariable region 1-specific antibodies in viral neutralization

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Wien by 1997 Springer-Verlag/
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050050098
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Antibodies directed against hypervariable region 1 (HVR1) within the viral glycoprotein E2 of hepatitis C virus (HCV) are postulated to neutralize virus. An in vitro infection/binding assay of human fibroblast cells was established in order to study neutralization of HCV. Occurrence of mutations in the nucleotide sequence of HVR1 as compared to the inoculum after infection of human fibroblasts suggested replication of HCV in these cells. The significance of HVR1-specific antibodies in sera of patients who were infected in a single-source outbreak by an HCV contaminated anti-D immunoglobulin (IgG) preparation was studied. Using immunoprecipitation and ELISA, HVR1-specific antibodies could be detected in most of the sera obtained early (? 1 year p.i.) and late (up to 14 years p.i.) in single patients. Further characterization of the HVR1-specific antibodies in patient sera by attachment studies of HCV to the human fibro-blasts suggested that HVR1-specific antibodies in sera obtained early p.i. can neutralize virus of the anti-D IgG preparation.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 1997

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