By screening 273 hybrid aspen plants transformed with a luciferase-based promoter trap T-DNA vector, one plant was found in which the reporter gene (luxF2) was activated only in cells of the cambial region, i.e., vascular cambium, phloem and differentiating xylem. Southern blot analysis revealed that this plant denoted #24 had a single T-DNA insert. The chromosomal regions flanking the T-DNA were cloned by plasmid rescue. A 757 bp DNA fragment, originating from the rescued plasmid and covering the genomic region immediately upstream from the right-border sequence of the T-DNA, was used as a probe to isolate the corresponding chromosomal region from a wild-type hybrid aspen genomic library. A hybrid aspen small ribosomal protein gene, PttRPS18, was then isolated. By screening a wt cambial region-specific cDNA library, two cDNA clones encoding a putative 152 amino acid PttRPS18 protein were isolated. Comparison of the DNA sequence immediately flanking the T-DNA insert in #24 with the corresponding wild-type sequence showed that only a minor deletion occurred during the T-DNA integration. Northern analysis revealed that the PttRPS18 gene was expressed mainly in the cambial region. By RT-PCR and DNA sequencing analysis, the exact structures of the PttRPS18 and luxF2 transcripts were determined. Finally, the hybrid aspen PttRPS18 promoter was fused to the uidA reporter gene and transformed into hybrid aspen plants. Histochemical analysis of GUS activity showed that the PttRPS18promoter was expressed in the cambial region in the same manner as the luciferase reporter gene in the initial screening.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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