Ca2+ and calmodulin (CaM), a key Ca2+ sensor in all eukaryotes, have been implicated in defense responses in plants. To elucidate the role of Ca2+ and CaM in defense signaling, we used 35S-labeled CaM to screen expression libraries prepared from tissues that were either treated with an elicitor derived from Phytophthora megasperma or infected with Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci. Nineteen cDNAs that encode the same protein, pathogen-induced CaM-binding protein (PICBP), were isolated. The PICBP fusion proteins bound 35S-CaM, horseradish peroxidase-labeled CaM and CaM-Sepharose in the presence of Ca2+ whereas EGTA, a Ca2+ chelator, abolished binding, confirming that PICBP binds CaM in a Ca2+-dependent manner. Using a series of bacterially expressed truncated versions of PICBP, four CaM-binding domains, with a potential CaM-binding consensus sequence of WSNLKKVILLKRFVKSL, were identified. The deduced PICBP protein sequence is rich in leucine residues and contains three classes of repeats. The PICBP gene is differentially expressed in tissues with the highest expression in stem. The expression of PICBP in Arabidopsis was induced in response to avirulent Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato carrying avrRpm1. Furthermore, PICBP is constitutively expressed in the Arabidopsis accelerated cell death2-2 mutant. The expression of PICBP in bean leaves was also induced after inoculation with avirulent and non-pathogenic bacterial strains. In addition, the hrp1 mutant of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci and inducers of plant defense such as salicylic acid, hydrogen peroxide and a fungal elicitor induced PICBP expression in bean. Our data suggest a role for PICBP in Ca2+-mediated defense signaling and cell-death. Furthermore, PICBP is the first identified CBP in eukaryotes with four Ca2+-dependent CaM-binding domains.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera