Characterization of a pathogen-induced calmodulin-binding protein: mapping of four Ca2 +-dependent calmodulin-binding domains

Characterization of a pathogen-induced calmodulin-binding protein: mapping of four Ca2... Ca2+ and calmodulin (CaM), a key Ca2+ sensor in all eukaryotes, have been implicated in defense responses in plants. To elucidate the role of Ca2+ and CaM in defense signaling, we used 35S-labeled CaM to screen expression libraries prepared from tissues that were either treated with an elicitor derived from Phytophthora megasperma or infected with Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci. Nineteen cDNAs that encode the same protein, pathogen-induced CaM-binding protein (PICBP), were isolated. The PICBP fusion proteins bound 35S-CaM, horseradish peroxidase-labeled CaM and CaM-Sepharose in the presence of Ca2+ whereas EGTA, a Ca2+ chelator, abolished binding, confirming that PICBP binds CaM in a Ca2+-dependent manner. Using a series of bacterially expressed truncated versions of PICBP, four CaM-binding domains, with a potential CaM-binding consensus sequence of WSNLKKVILLKRFVKSL, were identified. The deduced PICBP protein sequence is rich in leucine residues and contains three classes of repeats. The PICBP gene is differentially expressed in tissues with the highest expression in stem. The expression of PICBP in Arabidopsis was induced in response to avirulent Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato carrying avrRpm1. Furthermore, PICBP is constitutively expressed in the Arabidopsis accelerated cell death2-2 mutant. The expression of PICBP in bean leaves was also induced after inoculation with avirulent and non-pathogenic bacterial strains. In addition, the hrp1 mutant of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci and inducers of plant defense such as salicylic acid, hydrogen peroxide and a fungal elicitor induced PICBP expression in bean. Our data suggest a role for PICBP in Ca2+-mediated defense signaling and cell-death. Furthermore, PICBP is the first identified CBP in eukaryotes with four Ca2+-dependent CaM-binding domains. Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Characterization of a pathogen-induced calmodulin-binding protein: mapping of four Ca2 +-dependent calmodulin-binding domains

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Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright © 2003 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
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