A bovine herpesvirus (BHV) strain designated B11-41, was recently isolated from the spinal cord of a cow with astasia. By BHV type specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR), a BHV-4 specific fragment was amplified from the DNA of strain B11-41. The nucleotide sequence of the PCR product revealed high homologies (98.4% and 99.8%) with those of two BHV-4 strains (Movar 33/63 and 86-068). The Bam HI restriction endonuclease cleavage patterns of the B11-41 were more similar to those of BHV-4 than those of other types of BHV. BHV-4 is divided into two groups, European and American. The Eco RI, and Bam HI, and Hin dIII restriction endonuclease analysis demonstrated that strain B11-41 was closely related to the American type of BHV-4. It was concluded that B11-41 was identified as a BHV-4 that belongs to the American group. Additionally, the results of this study may indicate that the nervous system is one of the sites of viral latency in natural infection.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 1, 2000
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