The challenge posed by rapidly changing wheat rust pathogens, both in virulence and in environmental adaptation, calls for the development and application of new techniques to accelerate the process of breeding for durable resistance. To expand the resistance gene pool available for germplasm improvement, a panel of 159 landraces plus old cultivars was evaluated for seedling and adult plant resistance (APR) to over 35 Australian pathotypes of Puccinia triticina, Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, and Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici. Known seedling resistance (SR) genes for leaf rust (Lr2a, Lr3a, Lr13, Lr23, Lr16, and Lr20), stem rust (Sr12, Sr13, Sr23, Sr30, and Sr36), and stripe rust (Yr3, Yr4, Yr5, Yr9, Yr10, Yr17, and Yr27) were postulated. The APR genes identified via field assessments and marker analyses included the pleiotropic genes (Lr34/Yr18/Sr57, Lr46/Yr29/Sr58, Lr67/Yr46/Sr55, and Sr2/Lr27/Yr30), Lr68, Lr74, and uncharacterized APR. A genome-wide association analysis using linear mixed models detected 79 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers significantly associated with rust resistance, which were mapped on chromosomes 1A, 1B, 1D, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B, 3D, 4A, 5A, 5B, 6A, 6B, 6D, 7A, 7B and 7D. SNPs associated with multiple rust resistances probably indicate the presence of new pleiotropic or closely linked genes. SNPs were mapped on chromosome positions (1AL, 1DS, 2AL, 4AS, 5BS, 6DL, and 7AL) that have not been known to carry APR genes. This study revealed the presence of a range of possibly unidentified effective seedling and APRs among the landraces, which might represent new sources of rust resistance for the ongoing effort to develop improved wheat cultivars.
Molecular Breeding – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 19, 2017
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