Characterization and genome-wide association mapping of resistance to leaf rust, stem rust and stripe rust in a geographically diverse collection of spring wheat landraces

Characterization and genome-wide association mapping of resistance to leaf rust, stem rust and... The challenge posed by rapidly changing wheat rust pathogens, both in virulence and in environmental adaptation, calls for the development and application of new techniques to accelerate the process of breeding for durable resistance. To expand the resistance gene pool available for germplasm improvement, a panel of 159 landraces plus old cultivars was evaluated for seedling and adult plant resistance (APR) to over 35 Australian pathotypes of Puccinia triticina, Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, and Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici. Known seedling resistance (SR) genes for leaf rust (Lr2a, Lr3a, Lr13, Lr23, Lr16, and Lr20), stem rust (Sr12, Sr13, Sr23, Sr30, and Sr36), and stripe rust (Yr3, Yr4, Yr5, Yr9, Yr10, Yr17, and Yr27) were postulated. The APR genes identified via field assessments and marker analyses included the pleiotropic genes (Lr34/Yr18/Sr57, Lr46/Yr29/Sr58, Lr67/Yr46/Sr55, and Sr2/Lr27/Yr30), Lr68, Lr74, and uncharacterized APR. A genome-wide association analysis using linear mixed models detected 79 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers significantly associated with rust resistance, which were mapped on chromosomes 1A, 1B, 1D, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B, 3D, 4A, 5A, 5B, 6A, 6B, 6D, 7A, 7B and 7D. SNPs associated with multiple rust resistances probably indicate the presence of new pleiotropic or closely linked genes. SNPs were mapped on chromosome positions (1AL, 1DS, 2AL, 4AS, 5BS, 6DL, and 7AL) that have not been known to carry APR genes. This study revealed the presence of a range of possibly unidentified effective seedling and APRs among the landraces, which might represent new sources of rust resistance for the ongoing effort to develop improved wheat cultivars. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Molecular Breeding Springer Journals

Characterization and genome-wide association mapping of resistance to leaf rust, stem rust and stripe rust in a geographically diverse collection of spring wheat landraces

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/characterization-and-genome-wide-association-mapping-of-resistance-to-V2xhYykOqw
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Genetics and Genomics; Plant Pathology; Plant Physiology; Biotechnology
ISSN
1380-3743
eISSN
1572-9788
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11032-017-0707-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The challenge posed by rapidly changing wheat rust pathogens, both in virulence and in environmental adaptation, calls for the development and application of new techniques to accelerate the process of breeding for durable resistance. To expand the resistance gene pool available for germplasm improvement, a panel of 159 landraces plus old cultivars was evaluated for seedling and adult plant resistance (APR) to over 35 Australian pathotypes of Puccinia triticina, Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, and Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici. Known seedling resistance (SR) genes for leaf rust (Lr2a, Lr3a, Lr13, Lr23, Lr16, and Lr20), stem rust (Sr12, Sr13, Sr23, Sr30, and Sr36), and stripe rust (Yr3, Yr4, Yr5, Yr9, Yr10, Yr17, and Yr27) were postulated. The APR genes identified via field assessments and marker analyses included the pleiotropic genes (Lr34/Yr18/Sr57, Lr46/Yr29/Sr58, Lr67/Yr46/Sr55, and Sr2/Lr27/Yr30), Lr68, Lr74, and uncharacterized APR. A genome-wide association analysis using linear mixed models detected 79 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers significantly associated with rust resistance, which were mapped on chromosomes 1A, 1B, 1D, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B, 3D, 4A, 5A, 5B, 6A, 6B, 6D, 7A, 7B and 7D. SNPs associated with multiple rust resistances probably indicate the presence of new pleiotropic or closely linked genes. SNPs were mapped on chromosome positions (1AL, 1DS, 2AL, 4AS, 5BS, 6DL, and 7AL) that have not been known to carry APR genes. This study revealed the presence of a range of possibly unidentified effective seedling and APRs among the landraces, which might represent new sources of rust resistance for the ongoing effort to develop improved wheat cultivars.

Journal

Molecular BreedingSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 19, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off