The library containing DNA sequences from the diffuse pericentric heterochromatin from the right arm ofAnopheles atroparvus V. Tiel (Culicidae, Diptera) chromosome 2 (2R) was generated by use of chromosome microdissection technique. Southern-blot hybridization of the library fragments with the labeled genomic DNA of A. atroparvus and analysis of their primary structure showed that this heterochromatin region contained repeated DNA sequences differed by their primary structure and the number of copies. These were mostly AT-rich sequences harboring the features characteristic of the S/MAR regions. Based on the clones homology to the sequences from the A. gambiae and Drosophila melanogaster genomes, it was demonstrated that the pericentric heterochromatin from the right arm of A. atroparvus chromosome 2 contained gypsy-like transposable elements, as well as the sequences homologous to the structural genes. In situ hybridization with the chromosomes of A. atroparvus and of the two representatives of the Anopheles maculipennis species complex, A. messeae and A. beklemishevi, showed that pericentric regions of all these chromosomes contained DNA sequences homologous to the sequences from the region-specific library. Cloned fragments of conserved repetitive DNA revealed upon interspecific Southern-blot hybridization of the clones with the labeled genomic DNA of A. messeae can be utilized in further investigations of evolutionary rearrangements of the pericentric heterochromatin within the Anopheles maculipennis species complex.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 29, 2004
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