Characteristics of Nitisol profiles as affected by land use type and slope class in some Ethiopian highlands

Characteristics of Nitisol profiles as affected by land use type and slope class in some... Background: The success of soil management depends on understanding of how soils respond to agricultural land use practices over time. Nitisols are among the most extensive agricultural soils in the Ethiopian highlands but soil degradation threatens their productive capacity. In this study, the effects of two land use systems, intensive cereal and agroforestry systems, and slope class on physical and chemical characteristics of some Nitisol profiles were investigated. In total 12 sample profiles were described and soil samples were collected from each of the identified master horizon. Soil physical characteristics evaluated were particle size distribution, structural aggregate stability, water holding capacity and bulk density. Chemical characteristics determined were exchangeable bases and cation exchange capacity, soil pH and the contents of organic carbon (OC), total nitrogen ( TN), available phosphorus (AP) and some micronutrients. Results: Among the physical characteristics, land use and slope significantly (p < 0.05) affected particle size distribu- tion and plant available water content. The mean sand (28%) and silt (26%) particles in the intensive cereal system were significantly (p < 0.05) higher compared to 15% sand and 18% silt in the agroforestry system. Conversely, the mean values of fine grained texture materials including 39% fine sand, http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Systems Research Springer Journals

Characteristics of Nitisol profiles as affected by land use type and slope class in some Ethiopian highlands

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/characteristics-of-nitisol-profiles-as-affected-by-land-use-type-and-vMqLjFGP0T
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The Author(s)
Subject
Environment; Monitoring/Environmental Analysis
eISSN
2193-2697
D.O.I.
10.1186/s40068-017-0097-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background: The success of soil management depends on understanding of how soils respond to agricultural land use practices over time. Nitisols are among the most extensive agricultural soils in the Ethiopian highlands but soil degradation threatens their productive capacity. In this study, the effects of two land use systems, intensive cereal and agroforestry systems, and slope class on physical and chemical characteristics of some Nitisol profiles were investigated. In total 12 sample profiles were described and soil samples were collected from each of the identified master horizon. Soil physical characteristics evaluated were particle size distribution, structural aggregate stability, water holding capacity and bulk density. Chemical characteristics determined were exchangeable bases and cation exchange capacity, soil pH and the contents of organic carbon (OC), total nitrogen ( TN), available phosphorus (AP) and some micronutrients. Results: Among the physical characteristics, land use and slope significantly (p < 0.05) affected particle size distribu- tion and plant available water content. The mean sand (28%) and silt (26%) particles in the intensive cereal system were significantly (p < 0.05) higher compared to 15% sand and 18% silt in the agroforestry system. Conversely, the mean values of fine grained texture materials including 39% fine sand,

Journal

Environmental Systems ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 23, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off