ISSN 10227954, Russian Journal of Genetics, 2014, Vol. 50, No. 9, pp. 994–1002. © Pleiades Publishing, Inc., 2014.
Original Russian Text © L.A. Atramentova, I.P. Meshcheryakova, O.V. Filiptsova, 2014, published in Genetika, 2014, Vol. 50, No. 9, pp. 1124–1132.
The genetic consequences of migration have been
studied in human populations for decades [1–15].
However, the interest in this issue has not weakened
because demographic predictions are needed.
Due to the favorable geopolitical position of
Crimea, it has been at the center of largescale migra
tion flows for centuries. The first immigrants who
came to Crimea from Central Asia in the 8th century
BC were Scythians. The same period sees the begin
ning of Greek colonization, then Roman; Sarmatians
appear, and the rush of Boranes, Ostrogoths, and other
tribes who founded the Gothic Union and pressed the
Scythians amplifies. In the era of the Great Migration
(4–7 centuries), Crimea was settled with alien barbar
ian tribes; some Alan tribes migrated there from the
North Caucasus, and Khazars were making raids. In
the Middle Ages, Christianity starts to appear in
Crimea, while the MongolTatars form the Golden
Horde. In the 16–18th centuries, the Tatar raids cause
violent migrations of Slavic populations [16, 17].
At the end of the 18th century, the Muslim popula
tion was massively emigrating as a result of the annex
ation of Crimea to Russia. At this time, peasants from
the central and southern Russian regions of Ekateri
noslavskaya, Voronezh, Kursk, Ryazan, Orel, Tambov,
Kiev, Poltava, Chernihiv, and Kharkiv provinces were
orderly resettled in Crimea. In the 18–19th centuries,
50.6% of the 92242 immigrants who arrived in Tauride
Province from 1783 to 1854 were state peasants,
mostly Russians and Ukrainians. Settlements of Ger
mans, Bulgarians, and Czechs were formed. In the
19th century, many Jews rushed to Crimea, and by
1917 they accounted for 14.5% of the urban popula
tion of the peninsula. Russians and Ukrainians
accounted for 60.4% of the urban population and
35.9% of the rural population [16, 18].
After the revolution of 1917, a massive emigration
of the population began. During the Great Patriotic
War, the population was being evacuated, and the
Crimean Tatars, Germans, Bulgarians, and Arme
nians were being deported. Documents of the
Crimean regional committee of the Communist Party
of Ukraine show that 50000 Germans were deported
from the Crimea in August 1941, then 188626 Tatars
in May 1944, 14368 Greeks, 12075 Bulgarians, and
11296 Armenians in June 1944 [16–18].
Characteristics of Migration in the Population
of Yevpatoria (Crimea)
L. A. Atramentova
, I. P. Meshcheryakova
, and O. V. Filiptsova
Department of Genetics and Cytology, Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkov, 61022 Ukraine
Department of Medical Biology, Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv, 61022 Ukraine
Department of Biology, National University of Pharmacy, Kharkiv, 61002 Ukraine
Received February 25, 2014
—Indicators characterizing population migration were calculated according to the marriage records
of Yevpatoria (Crimea) of 1960/1961, 1985, and 1994/1995. The marital migration coefficient
years was 0.80, 0.75, and 0.66, the endogamy index was 0.04, 0.08, and 0.15, and the rate of marriage contin
gency by birthplace was 0.15, 0.16, and 0.19, respectively. The highest values of the positive mating assortative
index were recorded for people from the Caucasus, Central, Central Black Earth Oblast, and Northwest
regions of Russia in 1960/1961 and for migrants from Moldavia, the republics of Central Asia and Caucasus,
Western Siberia, and Ukraine in 1985. In 1994/1995, natives of Yevpatoria were also included in this group.
The average distance of migration by year was 909, 1280, and 1314 km, and the marital distance was 960,
1397, and 1171 km. The “radius” of the Yevpatoria population, in accordance with the Maleco model in the
years under study, was 98, 134, and 137 km. The distance isolation indicator
was decreasing and amounted
to 0.00049, 0.00043, and 0.00038. In the migration flow in all of the periods, the majority of immigrants came
from different regions of Ukraine outside Crimea (27–31%), followed by natives of various places in Crimea
(21–24%), Central (3.6–8.5%), and Central Black Earth (1.8–6.1%) regions of Russia, and the South Cau
casus (4.0–5.7%). The proportion of Russians and Jews decreased in the migration flow, while the proportion
of Ukrainians and representatives of nonSlavic nationalities increased.