Characteristics of Ga and Ag-doped ZnO-based nanowires for an ethanol gas sensor prepared by hot-walled pulsed laser deposition

Characteristics of Ga and Ag-doped ZnO-based nanowires for an ethanol gas sensor prepared by... Pure ZnO and Ga (3 % w/w) and Ag (3 % w/w)-doped ZnO nanowires (NWs) have been grown by use of the hot-walled pulse laser deposition technique. The doping characteristics of Ga and Ag in ZnO NWs were analyzed by use of photoluminescence (PL) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and the results were compared with those for pure ZnO NWs. We also fabricated gas sensors by use of pure ZnO and Ga and Ag-doped ZnO NWs. Among the NW sensors, the Ag-doped NW sensor was most sensitive. We synthesized the NWs on sapphire substrates under different conditions, for example temperature, time, gas flow, and distance between target and substrate. The diameter and length of NWs were <100 nm and several microns, respectively. To analyze the effect of Ag doping on ZnO NWs, we investigated the near band edge emission by use of low-temperature PL and XPS. Significant changes in resistance and sensitivity were observed. When the sensors were used at 300 °C for detection of 1 ppm ethanol vapor, the sensitivity of the pure ZnO and the Ga and Ag-doped ZnO NW gas sensors was 97, 48, and 203 %, respectively. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Characteristics of Ga and Ag-doped ZnO-based nanowires for an ethanol gas sensor prepared by hot-walled pulsed laser deposition

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-013-1459-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Pure ZnO and Ga (3 % w/w) and Ag (3 % w/w)-doped ZnO nanowires (NWs) have been grown by use of the hot-walled pulse laser deposition technique. The doping characteristics of Ga and Ag in ZnO NWs were analyzed by use of photoluminescence (PL) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and the results were compared with those for pure ZnO NWs. We also fabricated gas sensors by use of pure ZnO and Ga and Ag-doped ZnO NWs. Among the NW sensors, the Ag-doped NW sensor was most sensitive. We synthesized the NWs on sapphire substrates under different conditions, for example temperature, time, gas flow, and distance between target and substrate. The diameter and length of NWs were <100 nm and several microns, respectively. To analyze the effect of Ag doping on ZnO NWs, we investigated the near band edge emission by use of low-temperature PL and XPS. Significant changes in resistance and sensitivity were observed. When the sensors were used at 300 °C for detection of 1 ppm ethanol vapor, the sensitivity of the pure ZnO and the Ga and Ag-doped ZnO NW gas sensors was 97, 48, and 203 %, respectively.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 9, 2013

References

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