This paper presents an experimental study of flow development and structure on a separated jet burner in reacting and non-reacting flows. Effects of deflection jets in an aligned configuration of three round jets are emphasized. The idea is based on the confinement of a central jet of fuel by two side jets of oxygen to improve mixing, to control flame stability, and to reduce pollutant emissions. The fields of mean velocity and fluctuation intensity were measured using Particle Image Velocimetry. The deflection of jets has a considerable effect on the dynamic behavior and on the flame characteristics. Results showed that the deflection of jets favors mixing and accelerates merging and combining of jets to a single one. Measurements in reacting flow showed a high influence of combustion on dynamic fields. Compared to non-reactive case, in combustion, larger radial expansion and higher velocity were observed, particularly, above the stabilization point of the flame.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 20, 2009
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